Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (9-й рік навчання) - Л.І. Морська - Астон 2017 рік
UNIT 6. YOUTH LIFESTYLE. MODERN YOUTH CLUBS
LESSON 55. UNUSUAL PERSONALITIES
1. Listen to the dialogue and say whether the statements are true or false. Make up a similar dialogue and act it out with your partner.
Ann: Wow! That was amazing! I can’t believe I just did that! Neither can I! I was so frightened I could hardly watch you!
Ann: I hope you took plenty of photos.
Alison: Of course I did, but I am not sure they’ll be any good. My hands were shaking!
Ann: Never mind. You can take better pictures next time.
Alison: Next time? Ann, you are kidding! Don’t tell me skydiving is going to be your new hobby!
Ann: I think it might be!
Alison: You’re unbelievable! You were terrified before you got in the plane.
Ann: I know, but that was all part of the thrill. Why don’t you try it?
Alison: Oh, no, thanks. I would rather stay on solid ground if you don’t mind.
1. The girl didn’t do the activity. She failed it.
2. The girl took pictures, but she thought they all were of bad quality.
3. The girl’s friend hopes that Ann will take up skydiving as a hobby.
4. Ann’s friend doesn’t have a desire to try skydiving.
2. Study the words in bold in the dialogue in exercise 1. Say how they differ and what they have in common.
Model: The words “shaking” and “kidding” are Participle I forms of the Continuous forms (Past Continuous and Present Continuous); the word “amazing” .....
FOCUS ON GRAMMAR
A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding “-ing.” The gerund form of the verb “read” is “reading.” You can use a gerund as the subject, a part of the predicate (complement), or the object of a sentence.
• Reading helps you learn English. subject of the sentence
• Her favourite hobby is reading. complement
• I enjoy reading. object of the sentence Gerunds can be made negative by adding “not.”
• He enjoys not working.
• The best thing for your health is not smoking.
Not only gerunds can be used as the subject or the complement of a sentence, but infinitives as well.
• Learning is important.
• To learn is important.
• The most important thing is learning.
• The most important thing is to learn.
As the object of a sentence, it is more difficult to choose between a gerund or an infinitive. In such situations, gerunds and infinitives are not normally interchangeable. Usually, the main verb in the sentence determines whether you use a gerund or an infinitive. But there is also some confusion in the use of both: the gerund and the infinitive.
• He enjoys swimming. “Enjoy" requires a gerund.
• He wants to swim. “Want" requires an infinitive.
Some verbs are followed by gerunds as objects (See Grammar Reference Box):
• She suggested going to a movie.
• Mary keeps talking about her problems.
Some verbs are followed by infinitives (See Grammar Reference Box):
• She wants to go to a movie.
• Mary needs to talk about her problems.
Try to remember which verbs require gerunds, and which ones require infinitives!
3. Complete the sentences with the gerund or infinitive forms of the verbs in brackets. Use the Grammar Reference Box.
1. Dan enjoys (read) ___ science fiction. - Dan enjoys reading science fiction. 2. Cheryl suggested (see) ___ a movie after lessons. 3. I miss (work) ___ in the travel industry. Maybe I can get my old job back. 4. Where did you learn (speak) ___ Spanish? Was it in Spain or in Latin America? 5. Do you mind (help) ___me translate this letter? 6. He asked (talk) ___ to the store manager. 7. You’ve never mentioned (live) ___ in Japan before. How long did you live there? 8. If he keeps (come) ___ to work late, he’s going to get fired! 9. Debbie plans (study) ___ abroad next year. 10. I agreed (help) ___ Jack wash his car.
4. Look at the pictures and study the vocabulary items.
5. Match the words from exercice 4 with their definitions. Would you like to lead the life of any person shown in the pictures? Why (or why not)?
1. They prefer staying home to going out.
2. Their main interest is in clothes and dressing fashionably.
3. They really love food and eating.
4. They love to play or watch sports.
5. They are addicted to mobile phones.
6. They are very hard workers and often work overtime.
7. They eat lots and lots of chocolate.
8. They like to take chances all the time.
9. They prefer watching TV to going out or getting exercise.
10. They love to read all the time.
6. Complete the sentences with the words from exercise 2.
1. On her trip to Belgium, our ___ aunt Martha spent hundreds of dollars on freshly-baked Belgian chocolate muffins and cakes. 2. Monica is such a ___. Last week she bought two pairs of shoes and three silk dresses that were “half price”! 3. As a ___ Melisa’s boyfriend wears many shirts with team logos, goes to many games, and becomes depressed when his favourite team loses. 4. “Honey, please don’t be a ___ ! It’s so beautiful outside and all you want to do is watch football.” 5. Elena’s husband must be a ___ because he spends his life going to nearby libraries and bookstores. 6. “Don’t ask Mariano to come with us. He’s a ___and he’ll say NO to every invitation, even if you want to celebrate his own birthday.”
7. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form (gerund or infinitive).
1. I begin (understand) what you mean. 2. He was fined for (exceed) the speed limit. 3. I arranged (meet) them here. 4. It’s no use (wait) for her. She won’t come. 5. I am looking forward to (see) you. 6. I am prepared (wait) here all night if necessary. 7. The boys like (play) games but hate (do) lessons. 8. I couldn’t help (overhear) what you said. 9. He surprised us all by (go) away without (say) “Good-bye”. 10. Don’t forget (lock) the door before (go) to bed. 11. He tried (explain) but she refused (listen). 12. I regret (inform) you that your application has been refused. 13. Please go on (write); I don’t mind (wait). 14. Would you mind (shut) the window? I hate (sit) in a draught. 15. I can’t help (sneeze); I caught a cold yesterday from (sit) in a draught. 16. People used (make) a fire by (rub) two sticks together. 17. His doctor advised him (give up) (smoke). 18. Without (realize) it, he hindered us instead of (help) us. 19. After (walk) for three hours we stopped to let the others (catch up) with us. 20. He warned her (not touch) the wire.
8. Change the gerunds in the following sentences into infinitives and explain the change in meaning.
Model: / forgot giving you my book. - This sentence means that I don’t remember the act of giving you the book. I forgot to give you my book. - This sentence means that I had to give you my book, but I forgot to do that, and I probably feel sorry for that.
1. I forgot giving you my book.
2. He finished doing his homework.
3. She regrets saying that.
4. I remember telling her the address yesterday.
5. She stopped working at 5 o’clock.