Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (9-й рік навчання) - Л.І. Морська - Астон 2017 рік

UNIT 6. YOUTH LIFESTYLE. MODERN YOUTH CLUBS

LESSON 56

1. Look at the pictures. What kind of people are they? Why do we consider such people eccentric?

2. Discuss the following question: What is a hobby? What hobbies do you know? Write down the definitio of the word “hobby”. Make up a list of hobbies and classify them. Exchange your ideas.

3. Read the text. Learn about the origin of the word “hobby”.

What is a Hobby?

In the 16th century a favourite toy for children of all ages was the hobbyhorse. In appearance a hobbyhorse could be as simple as a stick, or it could have a decorated wooden imitation of horse’s head attached. Whether simple or elaborate, children used them for the games of the time involving war and knighthood. In time the popularity of the hobbyhorse declined, but the pleasure of doing something outside the routine activities of daily life had brought a new word into the language, the word hobby which is a shortened form of hobbyhorse.

Hobbies today include a vast range of activities. The definition that best covers all these activities is probably constructive leisure-time activities.

Hobbies differ like tastes. If you have chosen a hobby according to your character and taste you are lucky because your life becomes more interesting. Hobbies are divided into four large classes: doing things, making things, collecting things, and learning things.

The most popular of all hobby groups is doing things. It includes a wide variety of activities, everything from gardening to travelling and from chess to volleyball.

Gardening is one of the oldest of man’s hobbies. It’s a well-known fact that the English are very fond of gardening and growing flowers, especially roses.

Millions of people all over the world spend their holidays travelling, they travel to enjoy picturesque places, or just for a change of scene. It’s always interesting to discover new things, different ways of life, to meet different people, to try different food, to listen to different musical rhythms.

Making things includes drawing, painting, making sculptures, designing costumes, handicrafts. Two of the most famous hobby painters were President Eisenhower and Sir Winston Churchill.

Almost everyone collects something at some period in his life: stamps, coins, matchboxes, books, records, postcards, toys, watches. Some collections have no real value.

Others become so large and valuable that they are housed in museums and galleries. Many world-famous collections started with one or two items.

No matter what kind of hobby you have, it’s always the opportunity of learning from it. Learning things can be the most exciting aspect of a hobby.

4. Compare your definition of the word “hobby’ with the definition given in the text. Compare your list of hobbies with the classification given in the text.

5. Find gerunds, verb + gerund, infinitive + gerund combinations in the text in exercise 3 and state the function of gerunds and infinitives (subject, object, or complement).

FOCUS ON GRAMMAR

GERUND

Part II

Some verbs are usually followed by a gerund, BUT they can also be followed by a noun plus infinitive. Using a noun plus infinitive will usually change who is performing the action.

Examples:

• I advised taking the train. in general

• I advised him to take the train. He will take the train.

There are many “go + gerund” expressions used for adventure sports and individual recreational activities.

Examples:

• I go swimming every weekend.

• Would you ever go skydiving?

6. Choose the correct answer.

1. Debbie urged visiting / them to visit the Eiffel Tower while they were in Paris.

2. I remember getting/him to get up at 4:30 AM to make it to work on time.

3. The Math teacher doesn’t allow us to use / using calculators.

4. Sally wanted staying / us to stay longer, but I was so tired that we had to leave.

5. The Japanese teacher encouraged speaking / the students to speak in class.

6. The consultant advised reducing / them to reduce costs.

7. I need helping / you to help me move the table.

8. The zoo keeper permitted touching / us to touch the snake.

9. Do you mind waiting / me to wait a few more minutes?

10. The hiking course requires camping / us to camp in the snow.

Exam Skill Builder

7. Complete the sentences with the correct item.

1. Carrie Ann goes ___ every day.

a. studying

b. surfing

c. working

2. Delores goes ___ when she has time.

a. hiking in the

b. exercising at the

c. visiting her mother

mountains

gym

3. Sam went in ___ in Paris.

a. staying in a hotel

b. sightseeing

c. seeing museums

4. Lisa and Kurt are going to go ___ tonight.

a. eating dinner

b. seeing a movie

c. dancing

5. Jamie has never gone ___ in that mall.

a. hanging out

b. buying

c. shopping

6. Patrick wanted to go ___ with his friends, but he had to work late.

a. tennising

b. footballing

c. bowling

7. He likes to go ___ .

a. surfing the Internet

b. learning languages

c. fishing

8. Stephanie loves to go _____ .

a. getting a tan

b. lying on the beach

c. sailing

9. Mina wants to go ___ at the weekend.

a. photographing

b. relaxing

c. camping

10. My classmates are planning to go ___ next week.

a. countryside painting

b. mountain climbing

c. reading in a library

8. Read the text and complete it with the correct item.

The Collectors: a Good Hobby

The market for film posters is partly (1) ____ by nostalgia, but today serious collectors regard posters as an investment and prices have risen as a result. David Hutchinson is a typical collector with what he is (2) ____to call an addiction. ‘I loved film posters as a child and I’ve been (3) ____ ever since’, he says.

People collect posters of well-known films, or ones they (4) ____ with some memory, like their first date. Sometimes, (5) ____ , a poster of an obscure 1920s film may have a fantastic image and that’s what (6) ___ . Only posters with good graphics are of interest to serious collectors. Modern posters, using photographic rather than drawn images, are not so stylish and are reproduced on a very large scale. As a result, they are less collectable.

A

B

C

D

1

driven

pushed

powered

urged

2

merry

happy

jolly

funny

3

hooked

nailed

stuck

fixed

4

accompany

correlate

associate

affiliate

5

regardless

although

moreover

however

6

counts

reckons

catches

minds

9. Read the tongue-twister as quickly as you can.

Slinking, sliding, slithering slyly,

Swifty slipping through the grasses shyly,

Silent but for swish and hiss Is the senuous snake’s leglessness.





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