Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (9-й рік навчання) - Л.І. Морська - Астон 2017 рік

UNIT 7. MASS MEDIA - PROS AND CONS

LESSON 65 THE WORLD OF TECHNOLOGY AND MEDIA

1. Listen to the dialogue. Make up a similar one and then act it out with your partner.

Doris: I read the instructions, but I’m still not sure how to use my digital camera.

Kevin: Actually, it’s pretty easy. First of all, don’t forget to turn it on.

Doris: Got it!

Kevin: Then select the mode of recording. And remember to press the RECORD button.

Doris: That’s all?

Kevin: Pretty much. Just make sure to recharge the batteries every few weeks. And try not to drop it. It’s fragile.

Doris: Good advice.

Kevin: And one more thing. Be sure to edit your movies to make the recording better.

2. Look at the Pictures and study the words.

3. Use the words from exercise 2 to speak about the changes in mass media that have taken place with the development of modern technologies. There is a model to help you.

Model: Well, actually, all mass media have changed greatly. Take the press as an example. The newspapers have become more colourful, of better printing quality. You can also read your favourite newspapers online.

FOCUS ON GRAMMAR!

COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

English nouns are often described as “countable” or “uncountable”. Countable nouns are easy to recognize. They are things that we can count. For example: “pen”.

We can count pens. We can have one, two, three or more pens. Countable nouns can be singular or plural: My dog is playing. My dogs are hungry.

We can use the indefinite article a/an with countable nouns:

A dog is an animal.

When a countable noun is singular, we must use a word like a/the/my/ this with it:

I want an orange. (not I want orange.)

Where is my bottle? (not Where is bottle?)

When a countable noun is plural, we can use it alone:

I like oranges. Bottles can break.

We can use some and any with countable nouns:

I’ve got some dollars. Have you got any pens?

We can use a few and many with countable nouns:

I’ve got a few dollars. I haven’t got many pens.

Note!!! “People” is countable. “People” is the plural of “person”.

We can count people:

There is one person here. There are three people here.

Uncountable nouns are substances, concepts etc that we cannot divide

into separate elements. We cannot “count” them. For example, we cannot

count “milk”. We can count “bottles of milk” or “litres of milk”, but we

cannot count “milk” itself. Here are some more uncountable nouns:

music, art, love, happiness, advice, information, news,

furniture, luggage, rice, sugar, butter, water, electricity,

gas, power, money, currency, television, radio

We usually treat uncountable nouns as singular. We use a singular verb.

• This news is very important. Your luggage looks heavy.

We do not usually use the indefinite article a/an with uncountable nouns. We cannot say “an information” or “a music”. But we can say “a something of”:

• a piece of news,a bottle of water,a grain of rice.

We can use some and any with uncountable nouns:

• I’ve got some money. Have you got any rice?

We can use a little and much with uncountable nouns:

I’ve got a little money. I haven’t got much rice.

Sometimes, the same noun can be countable and uncountable, often with a change of meaning.

Countable

Uncountable

There are two hairs in my coffee!

hair

I don’t have much hair.

There are two lights in our bedroom.

light

Close the curtain. There’s too much light!

Shhh! I thought I heard a noise.

noise

It’s difficult to work when there is too much noise.

Have you got a paper to read? (= newspaper)

paper

I want to draw a picture. Have you got some paper?

Our house has seven rooms.

room

Is there room for me to sit here?

We had a great time at the party.

time

Have you got time for a coffee?

Macbeth is one of Shakespeare’s greatest works.

work

I have no money. I need work!

4. Complete the questions using much or many.

1. How ___ money do you have? 2. How ___ people live in your city? 3. How ___ does that book cost? 4. How ___ rice is there? 5. How ___ apples are there in the basket? 6. How ___ petrol do we need? 7. How___ children are in the class? 8. How ___ teachers do you have?

Model:

5. Choose the correct word in brackets. There is a model to help you.

Model:

There (is, are) are students in the classroom. (student).

1. How (much, many) ___ do you need? (money) 2. Do you have (a little, a few) for the parking meter? (coin) 3. We read (several, a bit of) ___ in our English class last year. (story) 4. There (was, were) ___ a lot ofused in the construction of that building. (glass) 5. The prisoners were given (a, some) ___ slice of ___ and a glass of water. (bread) 6. Did you receive (a few, some) ___ from your brother? (mail) 7. Yes, and my sister sent me (a bit of, a few) ___ too. (letter) 8. All of (this, these) ___ must be replaced. (equipment) 9. There (is, are) ___ a group of ___ in the playground. (child) 10. If your lemonade is too sour, add (a little, a few) ___ . (sugar) 11. There (is, are) twelve ___ in a foot. (inch) 12. My parents gave me (plenty of, many) ___ , but I didn’t listen... (advice) 13. If your tree doesn’t have (many, much) ___ , it might be sick. (leaf) 14. I have (a lot of, many) ___ to do. (work) 15. I need (a, some) ___ drink of. (water) 16. He has had (much, many)___ since he graduated from CEGEP. (job) 17. There (was, were) ___ lots of ___ at the concert. (person) 18. How (many, much) did you put in this soup? (salt) 19. Would you like (some, a) ___ bowl of ___ (salad)? 20. We need (some, a) ___ new ___ for this apartment (furniture).

6. Practise speaking as it is suggested in the model.

Use the clues given below.

Model: A: Did you hear that the government is going to introduce higher taxes?

B: No, I didn’t. You don’t say so!!! It’s going to be impossible to live on.

7. Project work. Carry out a survey about the popularity of mass media with the people in your town (village).

You should include the following information: the number of TVs (radio sets, DVDs, VCRs - video cassette recorder) in your respondents’ houses; the number of houses using satellite/cable TV; the number of homes with the Internet access; the most popular newspapers (TV channels).

Report your findings to your classmates.

Model:

According to my findings, radio sets are (aren’t) popular with the residents of my town (city, village). __ (your number) of the households out of ____ (your number) surveyed have got a radio set. Something similar (different) can be said about ....





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