Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (9-й рік навчання) - Карпюк О. Д. - Астон 2017 рік

Unit 1 WHO ARE YOU?

• Vital Statistics

• Teen Generation

Pre-reading questions

What’s your native language?

Who are important people in your life?

Are you good at doing sports?

What are your preferences in films and music?

Would you like to become a hero?

What ways can you develop your personality?

Lesson 1 VITAL STATISTICS

READING & VOCABULARY

1. Think and say.

• If you want to get to know someone, what would you want to know about him / her?

2. Read Peter’s blog and find out if the statements on page 7 are true or false.

1. Peter uses his real name in his blog.

2. Peter plays water polo five days a week.

3. Peter’s an only child in the family.

4. Peter’s mum works in a school.

5. Peter’s dad thinks he’s funny.

6. James is Peter’s cat.

3. Work in pairs to answer the questions.

1. Think of one example of injustice. Do you hate injustice?

2. Who in your family has a good sense of humour? And in your class?

3. Do you know any jokes? Are you good at telling jokes?

4. Do you have good manners? Think of one example of good manners.

4. Complete the sentences about yourself.

I am interested in ...

In my free time I ...

My favourite school subject is ...

My favourite singer / group is ...

My favourite books are ...

I usually wear ...

My surname is ...

My form teacher is ...

5. Work in small groups.

• Which of the following topics do you think are important to know about a person and which ones are unimportant? If you could cut out four of these topics, which would they be? What do the people sitting near you think?

• What else would you like to know about a person?

6. Brian James was interviewed for a teenage magazine. Read the teenager’s talk about himself and find out the information to answer the questions on page 9.

1. What does Brian love to do?

2. What does he love doing?

3. What does he love?

4. What is his birth sign?

5. What sort of music does he listen to?

6. Where does he live?

7. What does he do in his spare time?

8. Is he an only child in the family?

7. Read the magazine article about Brian and find out all the differences between the spoken text in Task 6 (Brian’s actual words) and the written text below.

He loves to cook and makes some fab Italian dishes. He loves cooking for girls, “Cooking for two is much more fun than cooking for yourself.”

He’s got an older sister and a younger brother who’s a cute 13.

He’s a gorgeous Gemini — his birthday’s May 29th.

He loves animals — he’s got two dogs and a fish.

He listens to rap music.

In his spare time, he works out, rides horses, surfs and snow-skis.

He loves Mars bars and dry roasted peanuts.

He loves living in sunny California, “Where else can you go skiing in March and then go back to the beach?”

Brian sums himself up as “outgoing honest, positive, determined and caring.”

8. Read and match the words with the same meaning.

Brian uses ‘fab’ and ‘cute’. Words like these are typical of teenagers. Here are some common ‘teen’ words in the left column.

1. cute

a excellent

2. cool

b small and nice

3. fab

c very good; okay; nice; no problem

4. fight

d argument

5. folks

e parents

6. gear

f friend

7. guy

g clothes

8. mate

h spend time with friends

9. hang out

i person

9. a) Match different meanings of the verb ‘work out’ with the appropriate1 sentences.

a to find a solution

b to calculate

c to understand

d to develop in a particular way (of a situation)

e to do physical exercise

1. The plan worked out quite well.

2. Can you work out how much it will all cost?

3. I’m going to work out in the gym this evening.

4. I can’t work her out.

5. I’ve worked out how we can get there.

b) Make up your own sentences with at least three different meanings of the verb.

1appropriate [ә'prәʊpriәt] — відповідний

10. Match the adjectives from the box with their descriptions below.

outgoing, honest, positive, determined, gorgeous, caring

1. He thinks he will be successful and the situation will have a good result. ...

2. He is very good-looking. ...

3. He is friendly and open. ...

4. He helps people when they are in trouble. ...

5. He knows what he wants and tries hard to get it. ...

6. He doesn’t lie to people. ...

11. Do the questionnaire. Each time choose only one statement.

Do the score and read about yourself. Do you agree?

Mostly As — You’re a very serious and responsible young person. Your parents must be proud of you and your friends are lucky to have you. However, loosen up a bit. Life should be fun too.

Mostly Bs — Life is fun to you. You do only things you like. However, it’s time to realize that we often have to do things that are not so pleasant. The sooner you learn that, the better.

Mostly Cs — You don’t care about anyone or anything, do you? Be careful. You might end up alone and disappointed.

GRAMMAR

1. Make up some sentences about someone you know.

He

She

loves

enjoys

likes

doesn’t mind

doesn’t like

dislikes

hates

can’t stand

singing.

travelling.

playing cards.

getting up early.

REMEMBER!

Додаючи закінчення -mg, ми надаємо дієслову ознак іменника. Віддієслівний іменник називається герундієм (the gerund).

Collecting stamps is fun.

I started reading comics when I was 7.

I am fond of painting.

Герундій вживається/ bad at, interested in, famous for, be happy about, look forward to, beя після деяких дієслів: start, begin, love, enjoy, like, dislike, hate.

Герундій вживається після деяких виразів: give up, don’t mind, can’t stand...

He is dreaming of going to a holiday camp.

He is tired of going to the same places.

Герундій вживається після прийменників у фразах: be fond of, be (get) bored with, tired of, dream of, goo good at.

Brian is good at swimming.

2. Find some examples of the gerund in the text on page 9 (Task 7) and copy them in your notebook.

3. Write about the people you know.

... likes meeting a lot of people.

... is good at telling jokes.

... gets tired of doing things very quickly.

... is good at helping other people.

... hates wasting time.

4. Make true sentences about yourself.

You can use some of the expressions below.

Dancing, getting up early, eating fast food, swimming in the pool, surfing the Internet, listening to loud music, lying on a sunny beach, reading novels, travelling to new places, watching sports on TV, doing housework, taking a dog for a walk

1.

I love...

5.

I’m tired of...

2.

I don’t mind...

6.

I’m good at...

3.

I can’t stand...

7.

I’m bad at...

4.

I enjoy...

8.

I’m interested in...

5. Talk to your partner and find out how different your answers are. Tell the rest of the class about you and your friend.

Example: I like surfing the Internet, but... doesn’t.

... hates getting up early, but I don’t mind it.

6. Complete the sentences with the gerund forms of the verbs from the box.

go, write, lie, study, pay

1. Stop ... and tell me the truth!

2. Start ... attention!

3. Finish ... this birthday card!

4. We have to continue ... if we want to pass the test.

5. It’s never too late to begin ... to the gym.

LISTENING & VOCABULARY

1. Listen and complete the dialogue with the short answers from the box. Then listen again and check yourself.

Read the dialogue with a partner.

Adrian: Do you go to the local school?

Brian: Yes, I do.

Adrian: I know one girl from your school. Her name’s Celia. Do you know her?

Brian: ... . She’s in my class.

Adrian: Do you have As in all the subjects at school?

Brian: ... . No way.

Adrian: Do you get on with your parents?

Brian:... . Not all the time, but mostly, yes! My mum’s a teacher.

Adrian: Does she help you with your homework?

Brian:... . But if I don’t understand something, I ask her.

Adrian: What do you do when you’re not at school?

1.

Yes, I do.

2.

No, I don’t.

3.

No, you don’t.

4.

Yes, he does.

5.

No, she doesn’t.

6.

No, they don’t.

Brian: I’m in a water polo team.

Adrian: Why do you play? Do your parents push you?

Brian: ... . I play because I want to.

Adrian: Can I come and watch you?

Brian: Yes, you can.

Adrian: Do you have a dog?

Brian: No, I don’t. I have a parrot. His name is James.

Adrian: Does he speak? Does he have a cage?

Brian: No, he doesn’t speak, but he’s very clever. He has a cage in my room.

Adrian: What does he do? Does he do any tricks?

Brian: ... . He plays and he sits on my shoulder.

Adrian: And how about girls? Is there a girl that you like? Do I know her?

Brian: ... . You ask too many questions. Bye. See you.

Adrian: Hey, wait a moment! Do you have a mobile phone? What’s your number?

2. Work with a partner. Ask him / her questions.

Where / you live?

How / you go to school?

What / you do in your free time?

What kind of music / you like?

... you get on with your parents?

Where / your mother work?

Where / you spend your breaks?

... you like English?

... you got nice neighbours?

3. Listen to the interview and choose the correct answers.

1. She’s Turkish /Spanish.

2. She’s a teacher/chemist.

3. She’s single /married.

4. She has /hasn’t got children.

5. Her address is in Liverpool/London.

6. She gives a mobile /daytime phone number.

4. Copy the form below.

Listen to the interview with Meryem again and complete it.

Giving Your Date of Birth 16 March 1985 We write: 16.03.85

We say: sixteen (oh) three eighty-five OR the sixteenth of the third eighty-five

5. Work in pairs. Speak on the difference of the information in the dialogue in Task 1 and the interview in Task 3. Then study the table below.

6. Match the ‘official’ terms with the questions

1.

Surname

□ a How old are you?

2.

Age

□ b Where do you live?

3.

Nationality

□ c When were you born?

4.

Date of Birth

□ d What do you do?

5.

Marital Status

□ e Are you married?

6.

No. of dependants

□ f What’s your last name?

7.

Address

□ g Have you got any children?

8.

Occupation

□ h Where are you from?

7. Work in pairs. Ask each other about your partner’s personal information and complete the table with the information about him / her like the one in Task 4.

SPEAKING

1. Say if the sentences below are true for you. Correct the information that is not true.

2. Look at the pictures and the topics below. In pairs, talk about yourself.

3. Іnterview your partner. Make use of the table in Task 5 on page 18 and the questions in Task 6 on page 19.

4. Match the words (1-8) with their definitions (and pictures) below.

1. football fan

2. health freak

3. computer wizard

4. couch potato

5. vegetarian

6. gossip

7. chatterbox

8. close friend

Saying email addresses

a) Say the email addresses below.

b) Say your friends’ (parents’) email addresses in English.

□ someone who spends a lot of time sitting and watching television

□ someone who would do anything to be fit and healthy

□ someone who knows everything about computers

□ someone who talks all the time

□ someone who can’t live without football

□ someone who doesn’t eat meat

□ someone who likes to talk about other people’s private lives

□ someone you trust

5. a) Listen to the kids and say how they describe themselves,

b) Read what they say about their friends.

I know I’m a chatterbox. I talk too much and it’s so hard for me to keep secrets. I’m a bit gossipy. Still, I have a lot of friends. How is it possible?

I have two best friends. Benny is a bit bossy but he is a good friend. I can rely on him. I know that if I have a problem or get in trouble, he will help me. Dave is very quiet. Not a bit selfish. Everybody likes him.

My best friend is Ian. He’s such fun. We have so much in common. We are both football fans, we hate heavy metal and love SF films. It’s never boring with him. Besides, we understand each other very well.

Gemma is my best friend. I love her because she is so interesting and fun. We share things. We even wear each other’s clothes. My sister says we are stupid. But she is a health freak. You know, she does exercise, is a vegetarian, goes to bed early and ... always complains about me. Boring, isn’t she?

I don’t know what a good friend is because I don’t have any. The TV and my computer are my best friends. My parents are angry at me. They call me a couch potato because I spend so much time in front of the TV set. They say I should go out and find myself a friend. The truth is I don’t know how to make friends. My classmates call me a computer wizard and they say they admire me. Still, they never invite me to their parties or call me out. I’m very unhappy about that, but I don’t show it. You know, nothing can take the place of a friend, not even a computer or a TV set.

c) Work in pairs. Speak on the following.

1. Why does Thomas say that it’s strange he has so many friends?

2. Why do Andrew and Ian get on so well?

3. Why does everybody like Dave?

4. Why does Carla’s sister think that Carla and her friend are stupid?

5. Why are Phil’s parents angry at him?

6. Work in groups. Think of people you know and who have these qualities. Speak in turns.

Who is...

... bossy? ... lonely? ... fun to be with?

... not selfish? ... talkative? ... gossipy?

7. Tell your class about your best friend.

• Say what your friend is like, what you do together and what you like best about him / her.

• Try to remember an incident when your friend proved to be a real friend.

WRITING

1. Read the sample of autobiography and consider the questions on page 25.

• I was born on a cold winter night in my native Bennington, Oklahoma. I do not remember much of my early childhood, but my mum said that I was a very active, curious, and communicative child. I would ask dozens of questions each minute, even without waiting for the answers. I suppose that was why my parents offered me books and educational movies as early as my third birthday.

• Fortunately, my thirst for knowledge did not come to an end when I was at school. I was fond of history and science. This passion helped me gain good knowledge in these areas. Today, I am a student at a law school, and I feel very happy about it.

• I am certain that my good results in studies will become my ticket to a better tomorrow. I want to become a lawyer. I study hard and devote my free time to reading reviews and watching interviews with recognized specialists in the field.

• Of course, I understand that life is not just a bed of roses, and challenges or difficulties are an integral element of life. Since my parents could not help me cover my college expenses1 in full, I combine a part-time job and full-time study to earn my living and my educatіon. I feel satisfied at the beginning of every month when I receive my salary2 and plan how I will spend my money.

1expenses [ık'spensız] — витрати

2a salary [sælәrı] — заробітна плата

REMEMBER!

An autobiography is a written account of the life of a person written by that person. In other words, it is the story that people wrote about themselves. It is just like the biography that includes such things as time and place of their birth, an overview of their personality, their likes and dislikes, and the special events that shaped their life.

1. What famous quote1 can describe your life?

2. Which 3 adjectives can be used to describe you as a person?

3. Who influenced your personal development?

4. What are your best and worst childhood memories?

5. What is your family social and ethnic background?

6. What are your relations with parents and other relatives?

7. What are your goals for the future?

8. What places would you like to visit and why?

9. What skills would you like to develop and why?

10. What was the most memorable day in your life?

11. What was the most important lesson you have ever learnt in your life?

12. What are the most important values in life, in your opinion?

1a quote [kwәʊt] — цитата

2. Present yourself in a written way (150-200 words). Use some of the questions on page 25 and the phrases below.

1. I was born in...

2. I was an active (or quiet, shy, curious, etc.) child...

3. My childhood dream was...

4. My earliest memory is...

5. I am grateful to my parents (or teachers, friends, etc.) because...

6. My role model was...

7. My lifetime dream is...

8. The most memorable day of my life was...

9. One phrase that I will never forget is...

10. If only one of my dreams could come true, I would wish for...

11. My main belief in life is...

12. I am driven by my desire / passion / wish to...

13. The main lesson that my parents taught me was...

14. The childhood hobby that most shaped my personality is...

15. One event that influenced who I am today is...

16. My motto in life is...

17. My favourite book / movie / author is ...

18. When I was growing up, I always dreamed of becoming a ...

19. One thing I wish I knew five (or ten, twenty, etc.) years ago i that...

20. My favourite childhood picture is...





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