Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (9-й рік навчання) - Карпюк О. Д. - Астон 2017 рік

Unit 2 WHAT'S YOUR CHOICE?

• Magic Box

• Career Choices

Pre-reading questions

How often do you watch television?

Is the Internet important in your life? Why?

How much do you know about your parents' jobs?

Have you ever thought about your future career?

What skills and knowledge are important for your future life?

Lesson 1 MAGIC BOX

READING & VOCABULARY

1. a) Guess the meanings of the words in the left column, then match two columns.

1. website

2. chat room

3. native speaker

4. education

□ a speaker of a language who has spoken it since early childhood

□ the knowledge or skill that you get through a learning process

□ a site on the Internet where a number of users can communicate

□ a page that is linked to related pages

b) Read the text and name three things about the Internet you find the most important.

The Internet is one of the most powerful educational tools which is always ready for use. Within seconds you can learn about new civilisations, travel to the past or the future, see fantastic pictures of nature, islands, cities or works of art. You can go to chat rooms, hear touching human stories, and, what is most important, you can see the eyes of your students lit with excitement.

• Your Language Exchange Online Community

Find a partner in the online community and practise your foreign language (any language) with a native speaker who is learning your language.

• Foreign Language Education Sites

Many sites are helpful in learning and teaching foreign languages.

2. Match the words with their definitions.

□ the Internet

□ to download

□ e-mail

□ to blog

□ website

□ password

□ blogger

□ to surf

□ chat room

1. to use the Internet while looking for information

2. a secret word or a phrase that you need to know to be allowed to use a computer system

3. to write about your activities and opinions on the net (like keeping an online diary) so that other people can read and discuss them

4. a way of sending messages and information to other people by means of computers connected in a network

5. a person who writes an online diary

6. to move information from a larger computer system to a smaller one

7. an international computer network connecting other networks and computers from companies, universities, different organisations, etc.

8. an area on the Internet where you can communicate with each other

9. a place connected to the Internet, where a company, an organisation or an individual puts information

3. a) Read the statements below. Copy them in your notebooks under the headings:

b) Add some more good or bad points.

4. a) Look at the TV programme types below and say what you would like to watch tonight.

TV-guide

1. live concerts

13. the weather

2. a sports programme

14. TV adverts

3. a documentary

15. an educational programme

4. a news magazine

16. an interview

5. a film

17. nature & wildlife

6. a celebrity gossip show

18. fashion & style

7. a police drama

19. science & technology

8. a music video

20. health & medicine

9. the news

21. a quiz show

10. a cartoon

22. a talk show

11. a soap opera

23. a talent show

12. a comedy programme

24. a reality show

b) Make your own top-ten list of TV programmes.

c) Compare with your partner.

5. Test your knowledge of TV stereotypes.

Match the programme type with the text on the right.

1. TV NEWS

2. TV SERIAL

3. ACTION FILM

4. CARTOON

5. TV COMMERCIAL

6. SPORTS PROGRAMME

7. QUIZ

8. TV FOR SCHOOL

9. CONCERT

10. DOCUMENTARY

11. TALK SHOW

12. DRAMA

□ Our chewing gum makes your teeth white.

□ The President is visiting London.

□ And it’s in the net. A goal. That makes it two-nil.

□ Me, me! Catch me if you can!

□ The polar bear likes playing in the snow.

□ Who discovered Australia? You’ve got ten seconds.

□ And the singer is Miss Gloria Jackson, live!

□ Here is a laser gun for you, Mr Bond.

□ Our guest today is the famous writer: Miss Cherry Stone.

□ And today we have English. Ready, steady, go!

□ I want to die. Oh, why did he have to leave me?

□ See the next episode of Mobamba Bay on Saturday.

6. Have a quick look at the argument in the following dialogue and say what it is about. Choose a), b) or c).

Grandma: No, I haven’t. But we’ve already argued about these shows. They’re just a poor substitute for real life. What you hear there is just a small talk, shallow chit-chat and gossip. No criteria. No clue what clever people have said or written about. Come on, Hana, start reading, talk to real people. Get a life of your own.

Hana: How unfair! You’re such a typical teacher. These shows aren’t school. They’re real life. Hallo? You always talk about books and people from the past. Who cares?

Grandma: That’s exactly what I am talking about. Who cares...!? How immature! You have picked up that attitude from such cheap reality shows and soaps.

Hana: No, I’ve picked it up from my gang. From real life. And the shows aren’t cheap.

Grandma: What they offer is trash. Most of these young people have poor education, no higher goals in life and are desperate to do anything stupid or provocative just to be in front of the cameras.

Hana: What do you mean poor education? As far as I know all of them finished some secondary school or even university.

Grandma: Well, that’s just something formal. But what are their ambitions in life? What can you learn from them? Anything about literature? About culture? About anything spiritual?

Just eating, giggling, flirting and fooling around.

Hana: But they talk about normal stuff, like fashion, food, love...

Grandma: What do you mean, love? Those young people usually don’t know the meaning of true love. Where’s the romance here, growing together, sharing of life’s highs and lows, loyalty and the sacrifice in the name of love?

Hana: Oh, Gran, you’re so old-fashioned. And way too critical.

You always use big words like sacrifice, dignity, principles and stuff. That’s so yesterday.

Grandma: Maybe. But, let’s make an experiment. As a teacher I like good films about teachers. Here’s a DVD with my favourite film. It’s DEAD POETS’ SOCIETY. If you want to watch that reality show of yours at my place, watch the film first and then tell me what you think of it. I promise you the film will open a whole new world for you.

7. a) Find the corresponding paraphrase for these words:

1. attitude

2. desperate

3. provocative

4. criteria

5. trash

6. loyalty

7. sacrifice

8. perspective

□ when you do or don’t do something in the name of love or some higher principle

□ a frame of mind, an opinion, a view

□ trying very hard to achieve or avoid something

□ annoying, offensive, challenging, not ordinary

□ a kind of pattern, a standard to judge something

□ angle, a personal view of a situation

□ something unimportant, junk, rubbish

□ a kind of bond you feel with someone, reliability

b) Write at least three paraphrases of your own and challenge the class to guess.

8. a) Choose at least three simple words that you use and three compicated (‘big’) ones.

• Is there a difference in meaning?

chit-chat, small talk, no clue, ambition, gossip, perspective, criteria, sacrifice, flirting, dignity, education, eating, orientation, principles, gang, fooling around, loyalty, stuff

b) Use at least three simple and three ‘big’ words in your own sentences.

9. a) Agree or disagree with 1 or 2.

1. Only show-offs use big words.

2. Teenagers always use simple words.

b) In groups, discuss on the items above. Support your opinion with arguments and examples.

LISTENING

1. Listen to the short story where Stacey and Charlotte are main characters and choose the correct answer to each question below.

1. What did Stacey and Charlotte decide to watch?

a) an interview

b) a cooking show

c) a new programme

2. What did they switch on?

a) channel 47

b) MTV

c) CNN

3. What did they watch?

a) a science fiction programme

b) a western

c) a ghost story

2. a) Describe the picture.

Do you think the spectators are upset?

b) Read about the situation and listen to the dialogue.

Brian and Adrian are playing a guessing game. Brian is describing what is going on in the commercial. Adrian is trying to guess what the commercial is for.

Listen and when you hear a beep, guess with Adrian. (There are six guesses.)

c) Listen to the dialogue again and put the things below in the order as they are mentioned in the commercials.

3. Work in pairs. Check if you know the meanings of the words and phrases from the box and answer the questions below.

a brand, to advertise, to switch channels, to turn off the sound, to jump to conclusions, to take a picture

1. What is your favourite brand of crisps / chewing gum / toothpaste?

2. Where do companies advertise their products?

3. Do you often switch channels when you watch TV?

4. When do you turn off the sound of your TV?

5. Is jumping to conclusions good or bad?

6. Do you take pictures?

4. a) Before listening to Judy’s report (about the television viewing habits of pupils in her class) for the school newspaper decide if the statements below are true or false.

1. Many of the pupils in Judy’s class are TV addicts.

2. Teenagers prefer TV to other things.

3. Soap operas are popular with girls and boys.

4. A lot of teenagers watch videos at the weekends.

5. Half the pupils have satellite or cable TV.

6. Most pupils have a TV in their homes.

b) Listen and check whether your answers in 4 a) were correct.

5. Interview your classmates to find out how many people in your class...

a) never or seldom watch television

b) watch TV from 2 to 4 hours a day

c) watch TV more than 4 hours a day

d) watch only their favourite programmes

e) watch anything that is on

f) prefer watching:

• films

• TV games

• musical programmes

• documentaries

• educational programmes

• cartoons

• sports programmes

g) like to watch TV alone

h) prefer watching TV with their family and friends

i) watch TV:

• to have a good laugh

• to learn something new

• to relax

• to while away the time

• for other reasons

j) think that TV is a blessing1

k) think that TV is a curse2

GRAMMAR

1. Read and compare.

Defining relative clause

(Обмежувальне означальне речення)

Non-defining relative clause

(Описове означальне речення)

My sister who lives in England has a pet kangaroo.

My sister, who lives in England, has a pet kangaroo.

Коментар:

Промовець може мати багато сестер, тому він повинен сказати слухачеві про яку саме сестру він говорить.

Промовець має лише одну сестру і подає слухачеві певну додаткову інформацію стосовно неї.

Defining Relative Clauses

It’s a show

where

there are three contestants.

They spin a wheel

which/that

has prizes and penalties on.

It was a girl

who

spoke Japanese.

Liz looked at the man whose

hair was long.

That was the time

when

I got bad marks at school.

1a blessing ['blesıη] — благословення

2a curse [kз:s] — прокляття

Non-Defining Relative Clauses

Bill

, who never watches TV, likes reading books.

London

television

, which has broadcast since 1936, is one of the oldest.

Mary

, whose family lives very far lives in London now.

In London

, where he studies, he has spent 3 years already.

REMEMBER!

Defining Relative Clauses

Інформація в обежувальному означальному реченні є необхідною. Без неї речення не буде мати сенсу.

Порівняйте: A school is a place where you study.

A school is a place.

Обмежувальні означальні речення ніколи не виділяються комами. Example:

The book which I bought yesterday is excellent.

The lady who just left the shop had a monkey in her bag.

The man that is waiting for you has a pleasant smile on his face.

2. a) Fill in the sentences with ‘who’ or ‘which / that’.

1. That’s the shop ... sells good sports clothes.

2. I’m the runner ... came first in the race.

3. He’s the doctor ... works in our local hospital.

4. Elen is the girl ... lives next door.

5. Red Cross is a charity organisation ... gives aid to countries around the world.

6. Jenny likes Jim, ... is an honest guy.

Використовуйте відносні займенники. People > who, whose, that Places > where, that Things > which, whose, that

b) Fill in the sentences with ‘whose’, ‘where’ or ‘when’.

1. I like to visit places ... nobody else goes.

2. The island ... I go on holiday is a beautiful place.

3. I spoke to the woman ... daughter I know.

4. Linda is the student ... exam results were fantastic.

5. That was the year ... I started playing the guitar.

6. This is the place ... your parents met each other for the first time.

REMEMBER!

Non-Defining Relative Clauses

Описові означальні речення дають додаткову інформацію про іменник. Такі речення завжди виділяються комами.

Example: London, which is the capital of England, has a population of 10 mln people.

My uncle George, who is in hospital now, likes to play with matches. My office, where I work every day, is painted yellow.

Thatніколи не вживається з описовим означальним реченням.

Типова помилка: Larry Lorry, that lives in London, loves lilies. Правильне речення: Larry Lorry, who lives in London, loves lilies.

3. Copy and add commas to change these defining relative clauses to non-defining relative ones.

1. My friend who has a red bicycle wants to sign up for the Tour de France.

2. The city where more than a million people live never sleeps.

3. The gorilla which ran away from the zoo is hiding somewhere in the forest.

4. Bettie’s boss whose office is in New York bought Bettie a bouquet of flowers.

5. Cheetas which are yellow and have black spots can run up to 120 km/h.

4. Combine three given parts to form one non-defining relative clause.

Example: Victor’s sister — does ballet — loves eating peanuts.

Victor’s sister, who does ballet, loves eating peanuts.

a) The statue — made of pure gold — has been stolen.

b) Ottawa — capital of Canada — is very cold in wintertime.

c) My uncle’s farm — we go to every summer — is the best place on Earth.

d) Dan — my brother-in-law — has his own successful business.

e) Tina — you liked her photos so much — is coming to visit us tonight.

5. Match the beginnings with the endings to make correct sentences.

1.

We met your friend

a

that were popular all over the world.

2.

Giraffes are animals

3.

Thomas Edison was the scientist

b

who plays the violin.

c

that goes from Venice to Corfu

4.

I’ve got some relatives

d

who invented1 the electric light

5.

Vesuvius is the volcano

e

that cooks food quickly.

6.

The Beatles recorded songs

f

which come from Africa.

g

who were born in Turkey.

7.

There is a ferry

h

which destroyed the city of

8.

A microwave is a machine

Pompeii.

1to invent [iınvent]— винайти

6. Put letter ‘d’ if the relative clause is defining or letter ‘n’ if it is non-defining.

□ 1 The programme that I watched on TV last night was very interesting.

□ 2 My dog, which I bought a year ago, has given birth to 8 puppies!

□ 3 Walter’s grandmother, who lives in Scotland, got married yesterday.

□ 4 Jessica and John, who have moved in next door, are both dentists.

□ 5 The tree we planted last month is growing nicely.

□ 6 Bill Gates, who is the richest man on earth, lives in Medina, Washington.

□ 7 My child who’s afraid of spiders wants to go camping this weekend.

□ 8 The man that I told you about has asked Minnie out on a date.

□ 9 The hotel, where you can book a room, has two swimming pools and a bar.

□ 10 The shop where you can buy a map is just down the road from here.

SPEAKING

1. Work in pairs to find out about your partner’s online habits. Speak on the following questions.

1. Do you have a computer?

2. Do you have an e-mail address?

3. Do you check your e-mails every day?

4. How often do you surf the net?

5. What are your favourite websites?

6. Do you know any teen websites?

7. Have you downloaded anything recently?

8. Do you have an online friend?

9. When did this friendship start?

10. Have you ever done any online shopping?

11. What did you buy?

12. Are you a blogger?

13. What do teen bloggers write about?

14. Why do they do it?

2. a) Listen and read the dialogue.

Then order the topics the girls are talking about:

□ boxes,

□ the Internet

□ puppies

R U ALWAYS PLUGGED IN?

Ana’s friend has come over to her place.

Ana: Hi. Good to see you. How are you?

Sara: Dead bored. I see you’re plugged in again. Just like always.

Ana: I’m just watching Gloria Glam on Youtube. I can forward you the address.

Sara: Don’t. I hardly ever go online. Internet’s boring. And Gloria Glam sucks.

Ana: Come on! Internet’s amazing! I always look for the words I’m interested in. There’s fantastic stuff like this film about St Bernard’s puppies. They’re so cute...

Sara: Not interested, thanx. Animals smell.

Ana: Come on, Sara. You should find yourself some passion, some interest.

Sara: You sound like my mum. She keeps saying: Why don’t you take up swimming? Why don’t you play the piano?

Why don’t you collect boxes? Boxes! Hallo!

Ana: I like boxes, too. I think they are mysterious.

Sara: A wooden box. Some mystery! You open it and see there’s nothing inside. Aaaah! (She yawns.) I’m so bored.

b) Speak on the following.

• Which girl has got a lot of interests?

• Which hasn’t got any? How do you explain it?

• What do you think? Interests come...

a) from your parents

b) from school

c) from your own head

d) from a combination of all factors.

c) Act out the dialogue in pairs.

CONVERSATIONAL GUIDE

Asking for Preferences

Preference is liking one thing better than another.

The expressions of asking for and stating preferences may be divided into formal and those used with friends (informal).

Here are some helpful phrases:

• Which do you prefer / like better, football or tennis?

• What would you prefer, to watch news or a quiz show?

• Do you feel like watching drama? (informal)

Possible Answers:

• Well, I’m not all that keen, actually.

• No, not really, I’d prefer to watch a quiz show.

• Oh, I don’t mind watching drama.

• Well, I must say I don’t really have any preferences here.

• I must say both sound equally good to me.

• No, thank you, I’d rather not watch TV.

• I’d rather watch football.

3. a) Work in pairs. Say how many different kinds of TV programmes you can think of. Read a page from a TV guide and see if you can find them.

b) Decide what you would like to watch today. Then talk to your partner and compare your choices.

TELEVISION PROGRAMME GUIDE

BBC1

07.00 BBC BREAKFAST NEWS followed by weather report.

07.30 NEIGHBOURS — soap opera. Andy finds out that Jill’s in love with Ron. He decides to do something about it.

08.15 WILDLIFE on One

An interesting documentary about endangered species

ITV

12.00 ROSIE AND RAY

A new episode that brings more fun to your homes. Rosie and Ray move house. You’ll roar with laughter.

12.30 ROBOWAR

It’s 2086. A new generation of robots invades the earth.

BBC2

09.00 WHEEL OF FORTUNE

A game show. Today it’s celebrities.

10.30 TOP CATS

The exciting new adventures of the popular cartoon characters.

11.00 SEEN BY CAMERA

This week John Parsley visits the fantastic sights of India.

CHANNEL 4

02.00 VIDEOTECH

The latest gossip and sounds in the music world.

02.30 FA CUP

Football semi-finals.

04.30 SURPRISE, SURPRISE More prizes to win.

05.00 READY, STEADY, COOK

Today learn how to prepare vegetarian dishes.

4. Answer the questions below. Then talk to your partner and check if you have anything in common.

• How much TV do you watch?

• When do you usually watch it?

• What do you never watch?

• What’s your favourite programme?

• Do your parents let you stay up late and watch the late TV shows or films?

5. a) Work in pairs. Choose five products which TV commercials most often advertise.

cars pet food cleaning products food

shampoos drinks mobile phones toothpaste

trainers make-up chewing gum snacks

b) Share your ideas with each other. Consider the following questions.

• Do you like watching commercials? Why? Why not?

• Are there too many commercials on TV?

• How do you feel when they show commercials in the middle of a good film or an interesting match? What do you do? Do you switch channels?

• If you like the commercial, do you want to buy the product it advertises?

• Are commercials always true?

• Can you name some famous people who are in commercials? What do they advertise?

6. Share what you prefer to watch on TV and explain why opinions about TV programmes differ. You may start like this:

As for me, I always try to watch interesting films, different TV games and musical programmes. Political shows take up a lot of time on TV, but I don’t like them. As for films, I prefer thrillers or detectives. Different quiz-shows are also very popular with members of my family...

sports events; symphony concerts; the Animal World; travels and travellers; meetings and discussions between famous people; poets reading their own poems, interviews with famous people; talks on history, geography, science; old songs and new; critics talking about new books, films, plays, works of art; competitions and quizzes

7. Discuss the answers to the questions in a small group.

a) Do you like programmes made in Ukraine?

b) How well do you know BBC World, CNN, MTV, Viva or Star TV? What do you think of them? What language do they broadcast in?

c) What other global channels do you watch? Do you listen to any foreign radio stations? Which ones? What language do global broadcasters use today?

d) How can satellite TV help language learners?

WRITING

1. Write a paragraph about the role of mass media in our life. Consider the items below.

• How do you find out what’s happening in the world?

• Do you ever listen to the radio? What programmes do you like?

• How important is TV to you?

• Do you like the same TV programmes as your parents?

• What’s the difference between reading the news in the newspaper and watching it on TV?

• Do you think computers will replace newspapers and TV in the future?

2. Describe a game show on television in Ukraine.

Make your description according to the questions below. Include relative clauses where possible.

• What is the name of the programme?

• What do the contestants have to do?

• When is it on?

• How do people score?

• Who is the host / hostess?

• How do contestants win?

• Who are the contestants?

• What do the winners get?





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