Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (9-й рік навчання) - Карпюк О. Д. - Астон 2017 рік

Unit 4 WHY NOT TAKE A CLOSER LOOK?

The UK Today

• Cities of the UK

Pre-reading questions

What is the geographical position of Ukraine?

How much do you know about the placesof interest in your regional town / city?

Is the United Kingdom an island?

What things do you picture in your mind whenyou think of Great Britain?

How many colours are there in the Union Jack?

What is the capital of the Northern Ireland?

Lesson 1 THE UK TODAY

READING & VOCABULARY

1. a) Find Great Britain on the map and write down as many thingsabout the country that come into your mind as you can.

b) Work in small groups. Compare your lists.

2. a) Choose the correct word.

1. The UK includes/consists of four parts: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

2. When people mention /refer to the country, most of them shorten its name to the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain.

3. The North Sea and the English Canal/ Channel separate / divide the island from Europe.

4. The climate is manipulated/influenced by the Gulf Stream.

5. Northern Ireland which occupies /conquers the northeastern state /part of Ireland lies to the west, across /round the Irish Sea.

b) Fill in the gaps with the prepositions by, to, of, off.

1. Great Britain is an island lying ... the north-western coastline ... Europe.

2. The UK is often referred ... as Britain.

3. The UK consists ... four parts.

4. Due ... the influence ... the Gulf Stream the UK has a warm and mild weather.

5. Two islands are separated ... the Irish Sea.

6. The UK is washed ... the Atlantic Ocean.

7. The main rivers ... Great Britain are the Thames and the Severn.

c) Make up sentences with the words and word-combinations.

thanks to

to produce

to border

to be surrounded by

to be situated in

the official name

to be washed by

to consist of

d) Say what you know aboutthe geographical position of the UK.

image1

3. Read the text and say what new information you’ve discovered about the country. Guess the meanings of the words in bold.

The UK is made up of England,Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The rest of Ireland is an independent country.

The official name of the country is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. ‘Great Britain’ refers only to England, Scotland and Wales, not to Northern Ireland.

There are also several islands which are closely linked with the UK but are not a part of it: the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. They have their own governments and are called ‘Crown dependencies’. There are also several British overseas territories in other parts of the world, such as St Helena and the Falkland Islands. They are also linked to the UK but are not a part of it.

The UK is located in the north west of Europe. The longest distance on the mainland is from John O’Groats on the north coast of Scotland to Land’s End in the south-west corner of England. It is about 870 miles (approximately 1,400 kilometres).

The UK is governed by the parliament sitting in Westminster. Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland also have parliaments or assemblies of their own, with devolved1 powers in defined areas.

The UK today is a more diverse society than it was 100 years ago, in both ethnic and religious terms. Post-war immigration means that nearly 10% of thepopulation has a parent orgrandparent born outside the UK.

1devolved [dı'vɒlvd] — переданий (про повноваження, владу)

The UK continues to be a multinational and multiracial society with a rich and varied culture.

Most people live in towns and cities but much of Britain is still a countryside. Many people continue to visit the countryside for holidays and for leisure activities such as walking, camping and fishing.

4. Say if the statements below are true or false.

a) The UK consists of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland.

b) Great Britain doesn’t refer to Northern Ireland.

c) The Isle of Man and Falkland Islands are a part of the UK.

d) Scotland has got its own parliament.

e) The longest distance on the mainland is about 1 400 km.

f) The population of the UK is multinational.

g) Most people live in the countryside.

5. Work in pairs.

a) Take it in turns to describe the photos below. Say which ones represent traditions of the country, and which ones represent ordinary life today.

b) Look at your lists you’ve written in Task 1 and find out how many items are typical of the life of ordinary people who live in Britain today and how many of them are traditional items or stereotypes.

6. Do the quiz about the biggest part of the UK — England.

1. England is only one part of the United Kingdom. How many countries are there in the UK?

a) two

b) three

c) four

d) five

2. What’s the capital of England?

a) Liverpool

b) London

c) Manchester

d) Glasgow

3. Who is the patron saint of England?

a) St George

b) St Patrick

c) St Andrew

d) St David

4. Which of these writers is not English?

a) Charles Dickens

b) Agatha Christie

c) J.R.R. Tolkien

d) Mark Twain

5. Which of these actors is not English?

a) Rowan Atkinson

b) Jude Law

c) Daniel Craig

d) Ewan McGregor

7. Look at the England factfile and check your answers.

England

England is the biggest part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are four countries in the UK - England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west.

England got its name from the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. |n Old English the word Anglaland meant "land of the Angles”.

England’s population is about 51 million, arond 84% of the population of the UK.

London is the capital of England and the UK. It’s also the largest city in Europe.

The national flag of England, known as St George’s Cross, has been the national flag since the 13th œntury. In 1606, the St George Cross became part of the Union Jack theflag of the United Kingdom.

The patron saint of England is St George and the National Day of England is St George’s Day, on 23 April.

The national symbol of England is the Tudor rose also known as the Rose of England.

The most famous English universities are Oxford and Cambridge.

The most popular sport in England is football, followed by cricket, rugby, tennis, badminton, squash and many others. Some famous English writers are William Shakespeare, Charles Dickens, Agatha Christie, J.R.R. Tolkien and many others.

There are a lot of famous singers from England: John Lennon, Paul McCartney, David Bowie, Robbie Williams, Mick Jagger, Elton John, to name just a few.

Well-known English actors are Rowan Atkinson, Daniel Craig, Jude Law, Clive Owen, Michael Caine, etc.

8. Work in pairs. Student A prepares the questions A andstudent B prepares the questions B in their notebooks. Thenask the partner your questions with the books shut.

A

B

1.

How many countries/UK?

1.

How/England/its name?

2.

What/capital/England?

2.

How many people/England?

3.

What/name/English flag?

3.

Who/patron saint/England?

4.

What/most popular sport?

4.

What/symbol/England?

5.

Can/name/famous singers?

5.

Can/name/well-known actors?

LISTENING

1. a) Say what comes to your mind when you think of Scottish, Welsh, English and Irish people.

... people are ... . They wear ... . They work in ... .

They are ... . They live in ... . Etc.

b) Look at the pictures and describe which country the people in the pictures are from.

□ England

□ Scotland

□ Wales

□ Northern Ireland

2. Listen to two people and complete the gaps in the texts below.

I’m a teacher in a big city in ... Ireland with two ... . It’s called Londonderry and Derry. In the past there were problems between ... who wanted to be British and people who wanted to be ... but it’s better now. I just say I’m Northern Irish.

I live with my mum and ... in Birmingham, in England. My mum’s from Yorkshire. She’s very funny but has a different accent to me. We often visit my mum’s... in Leeds. My grandparents were born in Jamaica, in the Caribbean, and came here to ... . My dad says he’s British but my Mum says she’s ... . I say I’m black British.

3. a) Listen and repeat after the speaker.

England [’lηglәnd];

Ireland [aıәlәnd];

Wales [weılz];

Scotland ['skɒtlәnd].

b) Pronounce the names of the cities.

London ['lʌndәn];

Cardiff [ka:dıf];

Belfast [’belfa:st];

Edinburgh [edınbʌrʌ],

c) Listen to some information about each country of the UK. Then match the famous places with each country.

1.

England

a

Conwy Castle

2.

Scotland

b

The London Eye

3.

Northern Ireland

c

Ben Nevis

4.

Wales

d

Giant’s Causeway

d) Copy the table into your notebook. Listen about the countries of the UK again and complete the table.

Country

Population

Symbol

Famousplace

Famous for ...

1.

England

2.

Scotland

3.

Northern

Ireland

4.

Wales

4. a) Listen to Duncan and Fiona to find out their homeland. Choose the right word.

1. Duncan would like to clear up some

a) misunderstandings

b) legends

c) traditions

2. Fiona is talking about her home town of

a) Glasgow

b) Edinburgh

c) Aberdeen

3. She is also giving information about:

a) a royal plane

b) a royal yacht

c) a royal train

4. Duncan is telling Harry Potter’s fans to visit

a) Edinburgh Castle

b) the Highlands

c) a philosopher

b) Listen once againand complete these sentences.

1. Scotsmen sometimes wear ...

2. Bagpipes are their ...

3. There is a list of a dozen castles which

4. There are just two lochs with ...

5. Edinburgh is famous for ...

6. The Royal Yacht Britannia is ...

7. They spent their honeymoon on the royal yacht: ...

8. These two Harry Potter films were shot in the Highlands: .

5. a) Match the parts of the sentences.

1.

Scotland is a country in

□ islands in Scotland.

2.

The national flag (blue with the white cross)

□ the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea.

3.

Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland and

□ the north of the United Kingdom.

4.

Scotland is surrounded by

□ is known as St Andrew cross.

5.

There are about 3 000 smallerand bigger lakes in Scotland

□ called lochs.

6.

There are almost 800

□ its second largest city.

7.

Tartan is a woolen material with crossed stripes ofdifferent

□ a third of Great Britain.

□ colours. The particular pattern is the symbolof a clan or a family.

8.

Scotland occupies

b) Work in groups. Make your plan to speak about Scotland. Use the information you’ve learned about the country during the lesson.

GRAMMAR

PAST TENSES REVISION

1. Match each tense form with the situation(s) of its use.

1. Past Simple

2. Past Continuous

3. Past Perfect

□ for a past activity beginning before apast event and continuing until orafter it. For the event we use ‘when’ +the past simple

□ for completed actions, events and situations in the past

□ to talk about something that happened before a past event. In sentences that have ‘when’ + past simple, to show that one event happened before the other.

□ for an unfinished activity around atime in the past

2. Put the verbs in brackets using Past Simple or Past

Continuous form to complete the sentences.

1. They (wait) for her when she finally (arrive).

2. I (see) Carol at the party. She (wear) a beautiful dress.

3. When she (get) a steady job, they (buy) a better house.

4. I (read) the Economist, while my sister (watch) BBC 1.

5. He (burn) his hand when he (cook) dinner.

6. When I arrived, the lecture had already started and the professor (write) on the overhead projector.

7. I (write) a letter when the lights went out.

8. I (share) a flat with him when we were students. He always (complain) about my untidiness.

9. He suddenly (realise) that he (travel) in the wrong direction.

10. You (look) very busy when I (see) you last night. What you (do)?

3. Choose Past Simple or Past Perfect form to complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets.

1. I (to want) to see you yesterday.

2. He (to tell) me that he (to see) me the day before yesterday.

3. There (to be) a strong wind last week.

4. Pete (to find) the toy which he (to lose).

5. When I (to run) a mile, I (to be) very tired.

6. The tourist (to speak) about places he (to visit).

7. When Mike (to be) a child he (to study) music.

8. After he (to check up) his students’ papers he (to go) to bed.

9. They (to complete) all the preparations for the trip by 5 o’clock.

10. On leaving the hospital the man (to thank) the doctor who (to cure) him of his disease.

11. In the morning all the passengers (to feel) good after the night they (to spend) in the comfortable sleeper.

12. Last night he (to complete) the experiment which he (to begin) some months before.

13. They (to be) friends for some ten years before Mike (to meet) them.

14. He (to find) the girl even more beautiful than he (to expect) her to be.

15. Sam (to forget) that the Stones (to ask) him to dinner a week before.

FUTURE TENSES REVISION

4. Match each way of expressing future on the left with the situation(s) of its use on the right.

1. going to

2. Future Simple

3. Present Continuous

□ for a definite plan or arrangement forthe nearest future (with words like TOMORROW, ON SATURDAY, etc.;)

□ for a plan, an intention or a decision

□ for the speaker’s spontaneousreaction at the time of speaking (e.g. offering help).

□ for a prediction

□ for a promise

5. Which question form sounds better?

a) Are you writing / Will you write to me soon?

b) Are you returning / Will you return my book to the library?

c) Will you help / Are you helping me with the dishes?

d) Will you open / Are you opening the window for me?

6. Make at least five questions using these prompts.

Are you going to ...

visit your aunt in hospital?

ask her about her cousin?

buy that new computer game?

do your homework after school?

phone your friend? call a taxi?

do it by yourself?

wear that new cardigan?

7. Complete the sentences.

a) We’re going to the cinema on Saturday? ... you ... (come)?

b) Can you come to my place tonight or ... you ... (sing) in the choir?

c) ... you ... (play) for our club on Saturday?

d) ... your sister ... (take) the dog for a walk after school?

SPEAKING

1. Work in pairs. Look at the fact files and compare the countries.

Which of them ...

a) has the largest / smallest population?

b) has a national day in spring?

c) has a national day in autumn?

d) has a blue and white flag?

e) has a red, green and white flag?

f) has a white and red flag?

2. a) Look at the map of the UK and complete the Word Map belowin your notebooks.

b) Using the Word Map prepare the presentation of the UK.

c) Work in a group. One of you presents the country. Others should add some facts to complete his / her presentation.

3. a) In pairs, do the quiz.

1. Wales is a part of Great Britain and it is in

a) the north.

b) the south.

c) the east.

d) the west.

2. What’s the capital of Wales?

a) Liverpool

b) Cardiff c London d Glasgow

3. Who is the patron saint of Wales?

a) St Patrick

b) St David

c) St George

d) St Andrew

4. Which of these symbols is not Welsh?

a) the leek

b) the rose

c) the daffodil

d) the red dragon

5. Which of these actors is not Welsh?

a) Anthony Hopkins

b) Sean Connery

c) Timothy Dalton

d) Catherine Zeta-Jones

b) Look at the Wales factfile and check your answers.

Wales

Wales is a country that lies to the west of England, and shares a border with it.

It has a population of just under 3 million people.

The official languages are Welsh and English.

About 20% of the population speak Welsh.

The capital city is Cardiff.

Much of Wales is mountainous. The highest mountain is Snowdon (1,085 m).

The patron saint is St David. He is known as “David the water drinker" since he drank only water and ’ didn,t eat meat. He was a vegetarian for spiritual reasons. He lived for over a hundred years.

The symbols of Wales are the red Welsh dragon the leek and the daffodil.

The most popular sport is rugby.

Wales is known for its sheep farming.

People call Wales “the land of song" probably because of their sing-song intonation and also because the Welsh are very musical.

Singers Shirley Bassey and Tom Jones are Welsh and so is the pop group the Manic Street Preachers.

One of the most popular children’s authors, Roald Dahl, was born in Wales (his parents were Norwegian) and Dylan Thomas was a famous Welsh writer poet.

Here are some famous actors from Wales: RichardBurton, Timothy Dalton, Anthony Hopkins, Catherine Zeta-Jones.

Mount Everest was named after the Welshman Sir George Everest.

4. Work in pairs. Student A prepares the questions A and student B prepares the questions B in their notebooks. Now ask the partner your questions with the books shut.

A

B

1.

Where ... ?

1.

... inhabitants .?

2.

... speak Welsh?

2.

...official languages ...?

3.

... capital ...?

3.

... the highest mountain .?

4.

... the patron saint ...?

4.

... eat meat?

5.

... symbols ...?

5.

... sport?

6.

Why ... "the land of song”?

6.

... famous actors . ?

5. a) Listen to Cathy and Mark and write out the things from the box they mention.

Dinosaur Park, the Bronze Age, Snowdon, the Welsh dragon, the underground tour, Cardiff, coal mine, Bone Cave, Big Pit

b) Listen again. Put the lines in the correct order to make sense.

□ a lamp weighing about 5 kilos. If you visit Dan-yr-Ogof

□ life-size dinosaur models. In the Bone Cave you’ll see

□ Big Pit was once a coal mine but now it’s a museum. If you take the underground

□ showcaves, you’ll see the Cathedral Cave, Bone Cave and the Dinosaur

□ tour, you will go 90 metres underground with a helmet on and carrying

□ human bones which date back to the Bronze Age.

□ park, which is one of the largest in the world with a hundred

6. a) Read and number the sentences of B in the correct order to make up a dialogue between A and B.

A

1. Hi, Nataly, haven’t seen you for a long time! What have you been doing?

2. Wales? What can be interesting about it? No big cities, no beautiful scenery, no interesting facts...

3. What do you mean? Don’t the Welsh speak English?

4. Is Welsh different from English?

5. Interesting. And what about the cities? I heard that there are few cities there, rather small ones.

6. (Looking through the book): You are right. It says, "Cardiff is an industrial city, which also has a castle, a cathedral, a university.” OK. But what about the scenery?

7. I’ve always thought that Wales is a kind of green fields, forests and farms.

8. Tell me a few words about the Mount Snowdon.

B

□ a) Ann, you are wrong here. The book I’m reading says, "When visitors cross the border from England into Wales, they soon understand that they are entering a country with its own geography, culture, traditions and language.”

□ b) They do. But the Welsh language is spoken widely here, too.

□ c) I’ve been working on my report about Wales and have spent a lot of time in the library.

□ d) Very much so. Welsh is one of the Celtic1 languages, like Scottish and Irish are Gaelic2.

1Celtic ['keltık] — кельтський

2Gaelic ['geılık] — гаельський

□ e) The west coast, mid Wales and North Wales are wild andbeautiful. Wales has high mountains, including Snowdon, the 2nd highest mountain in Britain.

□ f) Let’s not argue. I know at least one big city in Wales. It’s Cardiff, the capital and the main port.

□ g) Got interested? OK. Here are my notes. I made them during the lecture by Mr Roger Davis, a visiting professor from Wales. If you’re really interested you can look through my notes. And now I am sorry, Ann. I’ve got to run. See you!

□ h) And you’re right. But it is also a land of mountains and valleys, streams and waterfalls. In North Wales you can follow mountain path1 for miles and miles.

b) Act out the dialogue in pairs.

7. Work in groups. Make your plan to speak about Wales. Use the information you’ve learned about the country during the lesson.

8. Discuss in groups.

• Have you ever been to the UK?

—If yes, where did you go and what did you see?

Give your impressions.

—If not, where would you like to go?

Explain your choice.

WRITING

1. Write a blog about the UK. Create your own pages about each country using pictures and short texts about places that interest you. (Be ready to continue to develop a British Culture Blog in the following lesson of this Unit.)

1a path [pa:θ] — стежка





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