Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (9-й рік навчання) - Карпюк О. Д. - Астон 2017 рік

Unit 4 WHY NOT TAKE A CLOSER LOOK?

Lesson 2 CITIES OF THE UK

READING

1. a) Read and say what makes London a unique city.

WHAT IS LONDON?

Speaking about London you should remember that it is unlike any other city in the world. It has wide streets but low houses. This city has never been planned and it has many parts which are different from each other.

Modern London is really three cities: the City of London, a commercial and trade1 centre, the City of Westminster (the West End) that can be called the historical centre of London with lots of historical places and famous parks, and the City of Southwark (the East End), where workers live.

London stands on the deep river Thames, which runs into the North Sea, so all kinds of ships can come into the port of London.

There is so much to see in London that even Londoners can always find new places of interest. They like to say, "When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life.”

There are nearly 300 places of interest that are worth seeing in London. They range from magnificent National Gallery to OldSt Thomas’ Operating Theatre, and from ancient Charterhouse to modern Canary Wharf.

Commercial and trade [kә'mз:ʃl әnd treıd] — комерційний і торговий

Among numerous museums, galleries, churches, parks and gardens there are ten top tourist attractions. Everyone who arrives to London for the first time should start with St Paul’s Cathedral, Hampton Court, Buckingham Palace (Changing of the Guard), the British Museum, the National Gallery, Madam Tussaud’s, the Houses of Parliament, the Tower of London and the Victoria and Albert Museum.

The oldest part of London is Lud Hill, where the city originated. About a mile west of it there is Westminster Palace, where the king lived and the Parliament met, and there is also Westminster Abbey, the coronation church. The British Museum is the largest and richest museum in the world. It was founded in 1753 and contains one of the world’s richest collections of antiquities. The Egyptian Galleries contain human and animal mummies. Madam Tussaud’s Museum is an exhibition of hundreds of life-size wax models of famous people of yesterday and today. Here you can meet Marilyn Monroe, Elton John, Picasso, the Royal Family, the Beatles and many others.

b) Ask and answer in pairs.

1. Why do they say that London is unlike any other city in the world?

2. What is modern London?

3. Where can you go to see historical places?

4. What part of London is good for doing shopping?

5. Why can all kinds of ships come into the port of London?

6. What do Londoners say about their city?

7. What is the oldest part of London?

8. What is Westminster Palace?

9. What is the largest and the richest museum in the world? What unique collections does it contain?

10. What can one see in Madam Tussaud’s Museum?

2. a) Read the stories and match them with the people on page 206.

a)

My friends like to go to Soho.

It is a district in the centre of London. It is known for its nightclubs, casinos and restaurants. I enjoy every evening spent there. And, of course, I like Piccadilly Circus, known for its lovely night-life.

b)

I am interested in history.

And I am fond of going to museums. My favourite places in London are the Tower of London, the National Gallery, the Tate Gallery, the British Museum and, of course, Madame Tussaud’s.

c)

Sightseeing has become a hobby for many people. When tourists come to London, they visit Westminster Abbey first of all.

That’s because a lot of famous people are buried there. Then, there is Buckingham Palace, the official home of the British Royal family. My favourite sight in London is St Paul’s Cathedral and, of course, I am fond of Hyde Park, St James’ Park and Regent’s Park. It’s so nice to walk there in any weather!

d)

I am a student of the Academy of Music. It’s an important music college. I have a lot of friends who study in London. Some of my friends study at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts. We often meet in the library of the British Museum. We all love London very much.

e)

I am fond of music, especially classical music. I am sure London is the right place for lovers of music. First of all, there is the Royal Opera House, which is called Covent Garden. I am a regular visitor of Albert Hall. Most of all I like the Promenades. It’s a specific concert where there are no seats.

You are free to come and go when you want. The Proms, as we call them, are extremely popular.

b) Prove that London is a great attraction for thousands of people with different interests.

3. Work in groups and see how well you know London’s places of interest. Answer the questions.

1. Where can you see the British Prime Minister?

2. Which building has got the memorials of many famous men?

3. What palace is the living place for the British Queen?

4. Where would you go to see beautiful paintings?

5. Which square in London is round?

6. What palace has got the famous clock tower?

4. a) Read and say which of the places from the box (page 205)the Ukrainian travellers have visited.

• They have taken photos of themselves with the Prime Minister and Michael Jackson.

• They have seen the Queen’s crown.

• They have looked at the stars.

• They have seen the memorial to Christopher Wren.

Trafalgar Square, Piccadilly Circus, Tower Bridge, Westminster Palace, The Royal Observatory (Greenwich), Downing Street, Buckingham Palace, The Tower of London, Westminster Abbey, British Museum, National Gallery, Madam Tussaud’s, St Paul’s Cathedral, London Eye

b) Say which of the places they haven’t visited yet.

5. a) Read about London, find additional information in reference books or in the Internet resources and share it with your classmates.

b) Make a list of seven to ten questions to see if your classmates can answer them.

6. a) Match the buildings with the cities they come from.

□ Belfast

□ London

□ Cardiff

□ Edinburgh

1 Millenium Centre 2 Edinburgh Castle

3 St Paul’s Cathedral 4 City Hall

b) Listen to the information to check your answers.

c) Choose one of the fact files below but don’t tell anyone which one. Others will try to guess the name of the city asking questions.

Example: Whats the population of the city?

What’s the name of the river?

What famous buildings can you see there?

What can you do there? What festivals are there? Etc.

7. Find information about Edinburgh (in guide books or in the internet resources). Then ask and answer in pairs.

1. Where does Edinburgh lie?

2. What is the ‘old town’ like?

3. Where is the modern town situated?

4. What famous people lived in Edinburgh?

5. What museums are there in Edinburgh?

6. What gives a special charm to the city?

LISTENING

1. a) Listen and name all the cities that are mentioned, b) Listen again and complete the table in your notebook.

city

famous for

what to do

1.

2.

3.

2. a) Before listening about Birmingham look through the words and get acquainted with some places of interest - in this city (see page 208).

WORD LIST _____

upland — височина

navigable — судноплавний

county — графство

borough ['bʌ] містечко

iron ore [ɔ:] — залізна руда

brassware — латунні вироби

Birmingham Town Hall

The Queens Arms Pub

Nelson Statue

Birmingham St Philip’s Cathedral

Birmingham Crest

The Bull Ring is a major commercial area

The University of Birmingham

Centenary Square, Hall of Memory

b) Listen about Birmingham and find out what the importance of the city is.

c) Listen again, then ask and answer the questions in pairs.

1. Is Birmingham a provincial town?

2. Where is it situated?

3. Is Birmingham an old city?

4. When did it get its name?

5. What does Birmingham produce?

3. a) Look at the photos and guess the name of the city you’re going to listen about.

View of the River Clyde from Glasgow Bridge looking east

Museum of Religion

Glasgow Crest

Museum of Transport

People’s Palace

b) Look through the words, then listen to the text, in which they are used.

cluster — група; to increase — збільшувати;

to destroy — руйнувати;

vehicle — транспорт;

went wrongйшли не так;

marine engine ['rі:n 'endӡın] — морський двигун.

c) Listen again and make a list of 5 questions to ask your classmates about the city.

d) Work in small groups. Ask and answer your questions (from ‘c’). Listen to check up your answers.

4. Role-play the situation in pairs.

A, you’ve been to Birmingham / Glasgow / etc. Answer B’s questions.

B, you’re interested in getting information about the city.

Ask A questions.

5. Say what city you’d like to visit and explain why.

GRAMMAR

PASSIVE VOICE REVISION

1. Choose the correct passive form.

1. The city (is founded / was founded) in the 18th century.

2. It is (known /was known) as an administrative regional centre 20 years ago.

3. Well-known resorts (are located/ were located) in the south of the country now.

4. London (is said/ was said) to be one of the most expensive cities in Europe.

5. Historically the town (is first mentioned/ was first mentioned) in 1256.

6. For centuries it (is ruined/ was ruined) repeatedly by foreign aggressors.

7. The city’s treasures (are restored / were restored) by architects and men of arts last century.

8. People say that New York (is first seen / was first seen) by an Italian navigator.

9. According to a Ukrainian tradition the honoured guests (are welcomed / were welcomed) with bread and salt.

10. Yesterday I visited the museum which I (was recommended/ had been recommended) to see before.

2. Circle the correct answer.

a) The film (was made /made) in Australia, but the story (was taken place / took place) in Africa. The story (wrote / was written) by one of the best American scriptwriters. The film (was shown /showed) to the journalists yesterday afternoon. Those who (were seen /saw) it liked it very much and (were written / wrote) very good reviews.

b) Ann (got/ was got) a new bike for Christmas. This morning she (was taken / took) it to school and (was left /left) it in the schoolyard. When she came out of school, the bike (went / was gone). (Was it stolen? /Did it steal?) Ann (was shocked/ shocked). The school principal (informed/ was informed) about it and he (called/ was called the police). All the students (questioned/ were questioned). The next morning Ann (found/ was found) the bike parked in front of her house. There was also a note saying, "Sorry, it (borrowed/ was borrowed) only for a day.”

3. Tom and Bob are comparing their answers from a general knowledge quiz. Use the words in brackets to make simple past passive negative and interrogative sentences. Look at the example:

1. "The pyramids weren’t built (build) by the Greeks.”

"Who were they built by?”

"The Egyptians.”

2. "President Kennedy ... (kill) in New York.”

"Where ... he ... then?” "In Dallas.”

3. "The battle of Hastings ... (fight) in 1266.”

"When ... it ...?”

"In 1066.”

4. "Albert Einstein ... (bear) in the US.”

"Where ... he ...?”

"In Germany.”

5. "Penicillin ... (discover) by Charles Darwin.”

"Who ... it ... by?”

"Alexander Fleming.”

6. "The first step on the Moon ... (make) by Yury Gagarin.”

"Who ... it ... by?”

"Neil Armstrong.”

4. Fill in the sentences with the present passive or the past passive forms.

1. The flag of the United Kingdom ... (call) the Union Jack.

2. Thanksgiving ... (celebrate) in November.

3. The Civil War ... (fight) between 1860 and 1865.

4. Bagpipes ... (make) of sheepskin. They ... (play) in Scotland.

5. Abraham Lincoln ... (shoot) in the theatre.

6. The Declaration of Independence ... (sign) on July 4th, 1774.

7. The Washington Monument ... (dedicate) to the first president of the USA.

8. The World Trade Center ... (destroy) in a terrorist attack on September 11th, 2001.

9. The Statue of Liberty ... (give) to the Americans by the French.

10. The Metropolitan Museum ... (visit) by millions of art lovers every year.

11. Australia ... (call) Down Under.

12. Hockey ... (invent) in Canada.

13. Computers and silicon chips ... (produce) in Silicon Valley.

14. The Republic of Ireland ... (create) in 1921.

15. Wool from Australia ... (export) to many countries all over the world.

16. The Olympic Games 2000 ... (hold) in Sydney.

SPEAKING

1. Work in groups of three.

Test yourselves and do the following quiz.

2. In pairs, dramatize the dialogue. Then change the places and give right directions using the map of central London below.

ASKING THE WAY

Peter: ... tell me the way to the British Museum, please?

Passer-by: Yes, certainly. Go straight along this road as far as the traffic lights, then turn left there...

Peter: ...

Passer-by: Oh, yes, you can get a bus or go by underground if you like.

Peter: ...

Passer-by: The bus stop’s over there by the Wimpy Bar and you’ll see the underground station a little way along on the right-hand side of the road.

Peter: ...

Passer-by: ...

3. Imagine you’ve been to London.

Describe your sightseeing tour to your classmates.

4. a) Read the viewpoints. Find and underline the sentences which explain why the citizens are proud of their cities.

Birmingham is an industrial city.

It is the second largest industrial city in Britain. It’s also a centre of music and the arts. We are proud of the Art Gallery in the city.

Liverpool is the third largest industrial city in Britain. Besides, it is a centre of pop music. We are proud of the fact, that Liverpool is known as the city where the Beatles started.

Yes, Aberdeen is the most important industrial centre of Scotland. It is the number one oil centre of Scotland. Besides, Aberdeen is a cultural centre, too. I’m proud of my city.

Manchester was known for its wool and cotton industries. Now the city is the cultural and financial centre of the northwest of England. I’m proud of our famous football team Manchester United.

b) Sum up the facts and explain why the citizens are proud of Birmingham, Liverpool, Aberdeen and Manchester. Use the scheme:

First of all ...

It is also ...

Besides, ...

That’s why ...

5. Work in groups. Think of the differences between London and the rest of England.

a) Brainstorm your ideas.

b) Choose the speaker and compare your ideas with other groups.

6. Read these adverts and find the places on the map of Great Britain.

Being one of the world-beating attractions, it is a journey through the rich history of Oxford University unfolds. The Oxford story is revealed here: the exhibition uses a careful synthesis of sound, vision and special effects to explore the rich history of the University.

Many famous Oxford graduates are vividly brought to life:

• the astronomer Edmund Halley can be seen discovering his famous comet in the mid of the 17th century;

• Dr Johnson, the celebrated tea drinker and lexicographer;

• Christopher Wren, architect of St Paul’s Cathedral;

• Writing under the pseudonym Lewis Carroll, a young Oxford maths Don and clergyman named Charles Dodgson;

• Many British Prime Ministers studied at Oxford and surprise, surprise, they studied here!

Decorated in the Chinese taste with an Indian exterior this Regency Palace is quite breathtaking.

The famous seaside residence was originally a farmhouse, but the transformation into its current Indian style was made by John Nash between 1815 and 1822.

Enter a fantasy world filled with mythical creatures, astonishing colours and superb craftmanship including many original furnishing decorations.

Witness the extravagance of the Music Room.

Enjoy the delightful walled garden including the pets’ cemetry and the 13th century parish church of St Peter.

b) Make up a presentation of one of the places below. Speak about how these places are attractive (remarkable, impressive, enjoyable, etc.)

MUSEUM OF LONDON 150 London Wall, near St Paul’s Cathedral

Discover the story of the world’s most vibrant city

Come and experience the story of London, told through eight permanent, world-class, free galleries. Tracing the history of the city from prehistoric times through to the present day, the Museum of London takes in Roman sculpture, medieval treasures, original Georgian costume and a fully recreated Victorian high street along the way|. Located in the heart of the City, it's the perfect place to start any trip to the capital.

WRITING

1. Choose one of the places of interest in the UK (museum, castle, palace, monument etc.) Using information make an advertisement of the place to attract visitors.

LOOK BACK!

1. Listen about one of the countries of the UK and complete the sentences.

1. Wales lies on the ...

2. It is well-known for its...

3. Snowdonia National Park is the area around ...

4. Welsh is one of the ...

5. Wales has two official languages: ...

6. The Welsh like ...

7. On the national flag of Wales there is ...

2. a) Read about the capital of Wales and say what places of interest attract your attention.

CARDIFF

It is a well-known fact that Cardiff is the capital of Wales. It lies near the mouth of the river Taff, which flows into the English Channel. Romans first occupied this place about 75 BC, they built a fort there. In the 3rd- 4th centuries they built a massive wall around it. Nowadays people can still observe its traces.

When Roman forces left Britain, all the people followed their example. Only 700 years later with the coming of Normans, they came back to live there again.

Cardiff University

Cardiff Bay Old

Cardiff Castle

For some people today Cardiff seems too Victorian, too formal and too dignified. But in fact it is not really so. Cardiff is a relaxed city with a thriving cultural life. The New Theatre of Cardiff performs all kinds of music and entertainment.

You won’t see dirty docklands and provincial mediocrity in Cardiff. The Castle is the first thing that catches visitor’s eye. It is situated in the heart of the city and parkland and acres of greenery surround it. The Castle with its Roman foundation, medieval core and rich Victorian mansion presents itself as the best jewel in Cardiff’s crown. Splendid neoclassical white-stoned architectural ensemble of the Civic Centre, the City Hall, National Museum, Law Courts and University buildings are wonderful sights of the city.

National Museum of Cardiff contains a world-class collection of impressionist paintings, it is considered one of the greatest collections outside Paris and St Petersburg.

Cardiff

National Museum Cardiff

Cardiff is quite an ancient town, but only in the 19th century did it become a centre of export trade in coal. The First and the Second World Wars stopped the demand for Welsh coal both at home and abroad, and the growth of the city almost stopped.

Cardiff today is not like what it was earlier. There are many shopping malls, Victorian shopping arcades, cafes, bistros and many places where one can taste the locally brewed beer.

Welcome to Cardiff!

b) Make a list of ten questions to see if your classmates can answer them.

3. Read about Manchester, then ask and answer the questions after the text in pairs.

MANCHESTER

Manchester began when a wooden fort was built by the Roman army on a plateau about 80 AD.

The fort was rebuilt in stone about 200 AD. Soon a civilian settlement grew up around the fort.

In the 7th century the Saxons created a new village, but it was tiny. The surrounding area was thinly populated and was mostly forest. The Saxons called any Roman town or fort a caester. They called the old fort at Manchester Mamm caester. The village nearby took its name from the fort. By 1086 the settlement was called Mamecester. In time the name changed to Manchester. In 919 the king repaired the old Roman fort as a defence against the Danes.

In the early 19th century Manchester became world famous as a manufacturing centre.

Manchester Crest

Wool, silk and cotton were manufactured and vast numbers of working people worked 12 hour days in the mills. There were also a paper making industry and iron foundries.

Manchester University was founded in 1903. The central library was built in 1934.

Today Manchester is a large city and it is situated in the Northwest of England. It stands on the River Irwell, which is a tributary of the Mersey River. Manchester is one of the major ports in England. It was famous for its wool and cotton industries but now it is a financial and business centre. When Britain was an Empire, Manchester was called a Cottonpolis for its cotton mills in the city and in the small towns around it.

Manchester can also be proud of its Business School, which is the best in Britain. Music industry is also developing in Manchester, many pop and rock bands play in nightclubs. Everybody knows Manchester’s two football teams — Manchester United and Manchester City.

In general Manchester forms the opinion of a beautiful city, but unfortunately many of its old buildings were destroyed by the Irish Republican Army bombing in 1996. It was an illegal military organisation which wanted Northern Ireland to leave the UK and become a part of the Irish Republic. In 1996 the city centre was ruined by IRA bombs but it was rebuilt. The phoenix rose from the ashes.

The Manchester Metropolitan University

Civil Justice Centre

1. When was Manchester founded?

2. When was the fort rebuilt in stone?

3. When was the village of Manchester made into a town?

4. When did Manchester become world famous as a manufacturing centre?

5. Why do we call the city ‘the phoenix’?

6. Is Manchester a big city?

7. Where does it stand?

8. What is it famous for?

4. Role-play the situation in a group of three.

A, you’ve got a pen friend from Manchester. He/she told you about his / her city. Answer your classmate’s questions.

B, C, you are interested in where A’s pen friend lives. Ask A the questions.

5. Find these towns / cities on the map on page 225.

a) A city in the south east of England, made famous by Chaucer’s tales of medieval pilgrims,

b) The most northerly town shown on the map, which is a centre for mountaineering and winter sports.

c) The second largest city of Ireland and, since 1921, the capital of Northern Ireland.

d) About 80 km north west of London, this town in the south of England is the home of the country’s oldest university.

e) A small but well known seaside resort in the north east of England.

f) A busy little town in North Wales where for the first time in 1301 an English king’s son was proclaimed the Prince of Wales.

g) England’s second largest city in the Midlands. It is larger than Manchester or Nottingham.

6. Copy the map above, then read about the towns and add their names to it.

Leeds in West Yorkshire is a great commercial city, and its people are very proud of it. Some of the warehouses and factories which made it a wealthy city in the 18th and 19th centuries were destroyed some twenty to thirty years ago, but recently many have been renovated and developed for commercial or residential use. There are now many new buildings, as well as important historical buildings in the city centre.

Norwich was one of the chief provincial cities of medieval England. When its walls were constructed (1197-1223), they enclosed almost a square mile, an area as big as that of the City of London. By that time it had become the capital of East Anglia. Its majestic cathedral and the narrow winding streets around it still remind the visitor of those ancient times.

Durham. Whatever travellers see or do not see in England, they must see this city, in the north east, just south of Newcastle upon Tyne. No one can forget the sight of its cathedral and castle rising together on a steep hill overlooking a loop in the River Wear, which almost surrounds them. The cathedral itself is one of the great medieval buildings of Europe.

Edinburgh has long been the capital of Scotland. Edinburgh Castle is Edinburgh’s principal building, dominating the city, perched on a rock over a hundred metres above sea level. Another important building is the Palace of Holyrood House, founded by James IV around 1500. In between the castle and the palace is the Royal Mile, which was the centre of Edinburgh life before the 17th century and is fascinating to visit now.

Liverpool, a port in the north west of England, has a quality that is not found in quite the same way anywhere else in England: the quality of grandeur. Liverpool has this grandeur in its site on the broad Mersey river (more than half a mile wide) with the houses rising above it; in its great dock buildings, its broad streets, and its two enormous cathedrals.

Brighton is a seaside resort on the English Channel. Only 50 miles (80km) from London, it offers a good variety of lively entertainment. It is a cheerful place, bustling and crowded in the summer, but alive at every season of the year. Its royal pavilion is a masterpiece of eccentric English architecture.

7. a) Look through the unit and complete the table with the missing information in your notebook.

Country

Interesting sights

Things to see

Things to do

England

Scotland

Northern

Ireland

Wales

b) Report back to the class. While listening to your classmates, fill in the missing information about the countries of the UK that you haven’t mentioned.

8. Role-play the situation in pairs.

A, you’re going to visit Britain. Ask B for recommendations what places of interest are worth seeing there.

B, you have been to some British cities last summer.

You liked Edinburgh the most. Persuade A to visit the city.

9. a) Work in pairs. Plan a day out in London, thinking about the famous places you’d like to visit and the sights to see.

Share your ideas with other classmates.

b) Continue your presentation as a discussion with the whole class asking them for their feeback and for other interesting ideas.

10. Make a poster about one of the countries of the UK.

FILE FOR PROJECT

1. Split up in four groups. Each group chooses one country of the UK.

2. Find some information about the big cities of the country you’ve chosen.

3. Design your poster with the texts, photos and maps.

4. Display your poster in class and present the country.

1. a) Guess the names of these Ukrainian cities / towns.

1. The symbol of the city is the famous Potemkin Stairs on Prymorski Boulevard.

2. It is a health resort which is known for its medical water Naftusia.

3. The city lies on the right bank of the Desna River, approximately 150 km from Kyiv and is one of the oldest cities in Ukraine.

4. There is a museum Pysanka in this town of Ivano-Frankivsk region, that is the only museum in the world which exhibits the works of pysanka painting.

5. It is the town and district centre in Transcarpathian region which is known by its charming Palanok Castle of the 14-17th centuries.

6. Khortytsia is a historical-cultural preserve that is located in this city.

7. It is the town in Chercasy region, where there is a unique park, built by Belgian engineer L. Metletz at the request of Count S. Potocki and named in honour of his wife Sofia.

b) Find these cities / towns on the map of Ukraine.

2. Read about one of the wonderful cities of Ukraine and using the map on page 230 try to find all the places mentioned.

LVIV — FLORENCE OF EASTERN EUROPE

750 year-old Lviv is one of the oldest cities in Ukraine and the most peculiar in its historical development. The city is situated on the hills of the Roztochya Natural Reserve where the main European watershed lies. For its geographical position and historical tradition Lviv was meant to play a significant part in the life of Central and Eastern Europe.

Lviv with its 830 000 inhabitants, mostly Ukrainians, occupies the territory of155 sq km. The city is an important trade, educational, scientific and cultural centre. Foreign investment into this region is growing rapidly.

PAGES 4 READERS

Modern Lviv is a stunning urban panorama, splendid mix of different national traditions, hectic business life and open-hearted hospitality.

SIGHTS OF LVIV

The uniqueness of the city was formed under the influence of Mediterranean humanism between East and West. The central part of Lviv became a historical-architectural preserve and in 1998 was included into the UNESCO List of the World Heritage Sites. Lviv boasts about 2 000 historical, architectural and cultural monuments. The city centre is located in a place which is picturesquely surrounded by seven hills. Architectural masterpieces are framed by fresh greenery of the numerous parks. The inimitableLviv and the High Castlearchitectural landscape of Lviv reflects the wise face of the Past, which is also concentrated in priceless exhibits of the museums and libraries.

All this together with the enchanting atmosphere has made Lviv an important centre of international tourism.

Lviv offers a wide range of entertainment to its guests. Theatres and the Opera House in particular, galleries and concert halls, the big Circus, night and art clubs, swimming pools and tennis courts attract tourists.

THE PRINCE’S CITY

On the top point (413 m) of Lviv, in XIII century Prince Danylo of Halych built a castle for his son Leo, who gave his name to the city. Pidzamche is the area under the hill, which forms the preserve of the oldest cult buildings. Among them, the XIII-century St John the Baptist Church and St Nicholas Church, Neo-Roman Snowy Mary Cathedral (XIV century) and Renaissance Ensemble of the Benedictine Nunnery (1597).

The Ensemble of Greek Catholic St George Cathedral, the masterpiece of Rococo style, built by B. Meretini in the 18th century is adorned with the sculptures of the outstanding master Joseph Pinsel.

THE HEART OF OLD LVIV

Walking the narrow paved streets of Lviv, you come across the grey-haired Past everywhere. In the heart of old Lviv there are plenty of houses, which are worth your attention. First of all, it isthe ensemble of the Rynok Square with the City Hall and 44 buildings, among which there are the Blackstone Palace, the Venetian House and the marvelous Royal Palace (today the History Museum) with its Italian Courtyard.

Lviv Opera House

Lviv St George Cathedral

You should not fail to visit the Pharmacy Museum (2, Drukarska Str.) which was founded in 1735. Here you can taste a healing ‘iron wine’ made according to the ancient recipe.

Teatralna Street leads to the Theatre of Stanislav Skarbek (today Theatre named after M.Zankovetska) which is built in the style of classicism. Nearby you can enjoy the view of the Jesuit Cathedral (XVII century), Natural History Museum, People’s House (behind the statues of Venus and Mars). Next to it lies the Ivan Pidcova Square with a former Guard-House. Where Halytska Street crosses the Cathedral Square you will admire an architectural pearl of early XVII century - The Boims Chapel. The façade and interior will impress you with filigree stone carving. Rynok Square is fringed with picturesque little streets, each with its own peculiar atmosphere.

Lviv is a city of temples. Over 80 beautiful domes and towers of sacral buildings dominate the panorama of Lviv from the High Castle. The most fascinating ones are concentrated in the city centre. Various styles and building traditions blend into the harmonious mixture of Byzantine, Roman and Gothic as well as Renaissance, Baroque and Classicism. The Lvivians always demonstrated ethnic and religious tolerance.

Lviv History Museum

Lviv Theatre M. Zankovetska

Different Christian churches co-exist in Lviv: Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Greek Catholic, Protestant and Armenian. There are Synagogues for the Jewish community.

1. Town Hall

2. Roman-Catholic Cathedral of St Mary and Boims Chapel

3. Ensemble of the Church of Assumption

4. Church of the Dominicans (Museum of History of Religion)

5. Gunpowder Tower

6. Church of St Michael

7. Church of Purification

8. Town Arsenal

9. Church of Poor Clares (Museum of Sacral Baroque Sculpture)

10. Ensemble of Bernardine Monastery and Church

11. Armenian Cathedral

12. Church of Transfiguration

13. Opera House

14. Benedictine Church (Church of All Saints)

15. Church of Mother of God’s Unwearying Help)

16. Former Church of St Casimir

17. Church of St John the Baptist (Museum of Lviv Ancient Relics)

18. Church of St Nicholas

19. Former Church and Collegium of the Jesuits

20. Museum of Ethnography

21. National Museum

22. M. Zankovetska Theatre

23. Church of St George

THE CAPITAL OF GALICIA

Next to the old city centre there is another one, which was formed in XIX - beginning of XX century. It is built mainly along the Shevchenko Avenue, the A. Mickiewicz Square and the Liberty Avenue. The Lvivians like to go for a walk there. This part of the city is unforgettably beautiful because of the houses built in the style of Art Nouveau and Historism - the George Hotel, the Ethnographic Museum, the National Museum and the others.

Liberty Avenue in the south direction is crowned with the marvelous Opera House built in 1900, with a dense sculptural- painting décor and a well-known curtain “Parnasus” by H. Siemiradzki. The imposing buildings of the new city centre were created in the “Austrian” epoch, when Lviv, as ‘heart and mind’ of the autonomous Galicia was living through the hectic technological development. Near the central avenues you can see other exciting civil and dwelling houses. Potocki Palace looks as if it was transferred here from the banks of the river Loire or Seine. The Copernicus street leads to the classical buildings - the Library named after V. Stefanyk.

The Park named after Franko is near the Central Post Office and the square in front of the park is occupied by the solemn building of the National University (former Parliament of Galicia). Your eye can catch the wonderful building of the Opera House, too.

The Lychakiv Cemetry

The A. Mickiewicz Square

Lviv is rich in valuable museum collections with rare ancient objects, masterpieces of the Ukrainian and West European fine arts, personal belongings of famous historic figures, ancient icons and sculptures. The Lychakiv Cemetry is a museum in the open. It is a preserve of memorial plastic art of late XVIII-XX centuries. Here lie the bodies of many outstanding Lvivians - politicians, scholars and artists.

SPEND YOUR TIME IN LVIV

You’ll meet sincere and polite people in Lviv and will be pleased with good service. Comfortable hotels, tourist agencies with highly- skilled guides, stylish restaurants with unique dishes of Ukrainian, European and Asian cuisine guarantee excellent and enjoyable stay in the city.

3. Choose the correct item.

1. The uniqueness of the city was formed ... Mediterranean humanism between East and West.

a) due to

b) under the influence of

c) with the help of

2. In the heart of old Lviv there are plenty of houses, which are ... .

a) worth your attention

b) founded in 1735

c) named after the famous Lvivians

3. Prince Danylo of Halych built ... .

a) a marvelous Royal Palace

b) solemn building of the National University

c) a castle for his son Leo

4. Theatre named after M. Zankovetska is built in the style of ...

a) Renaissance

b) Classicism

c) Rococo

5. The city centre is located in a place which is picturesquely surrounded by

a) seven hills

b) plenty of houses

c) different Christian churches

6. Over 80 beautiful domes and towers of sacral buildings are opened to your eye from ... .

a) the Rynok Square

b) St. George Cathedral

c) the High Castle

7. In the Museum Pharmacy, which was founded in 1735, you can taste some ...

a) dishes of Ukrainian cuisine

b) European wines

c) ‘iron wine’

8. Liberty Avenue in the south direction is crowned with the marvelous ...

a) curtain “Parnasus” by H. Siemiradzki

b) Opera House

c) solemn building of the National University

9. The Lychakiv Cemetry is ...

a) a museum in the open

b) a place for the Jewish community

c) a place built in “Austrian period’

10. ... guarantees enjoyable stay at the city.

a) Technological development

b) Historical development

c) Good service

4. Role-play the situation in pairs.

A, you’ve just arrived to Lviv. You come to a tourist agency to choose an excursion.

B, you’re a travel agent. Give some information about the city and tell A about different sightseeing tours around Lviv.

5. Prepare a guide for the town or city where you live.

Include the following information:

how to get there where to stay what to see

what to do what to eat what to buy

My Learning Diary

The topics of this unit are

I find this unit very easy /quite easy /quite difficult / very difficult. (Underline what is true for you)

I think that the most important thing I have learnt is

The most difficult thing for me was

The things that I enjoyed most in the Unit were

The things that I didn’t enjoy were

The ways I used working with the Unit were

My favourite activities / tasks were

The new grammar I have learnt in the Unit is

The best lesson I had in my English class was

The things that are easy to read are

The things that are easy to listen to

The things that are easy to talk about

The things that are easy to write about

The things that are difficult to read about

The things that are difficult to listen to

The things that are difficult to talk about

The things that are difficult to write about

Three things I would like to remember from this unit are because

I would like to improve my pronunciation /spelling / vocabulary / grammar/fluency. (Underline what is true for you.)

The things that I would like to learn are

You have finished the unit. Choose the adjectives that best describe how you feel about it

Are there any things which you don’t understand very well and would like to study again?

After the unit I can:

Congratulations! You’ve reached the end of the book.

• Which pages did you like best?

• Which pages did you hate most?

• Has your English got any better?

• Can you remember your first lesson of this school year?

• Have you changed after the course of the year?

• Can you remember a time when you had a good laugh during the course of this year?

Tomorrow is the first day of the rest of your life, so ENJOY!





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