Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (5-й рік навчання) - Т. І. Бондар - Методика Паблішинг 2017 рік

Unit 4 Discover books and theater

Check in Let's listen: Who?

Mark Twain was born on the 30th of November, 1835 - in a town called Florida in the American state of Missouri. He was known as "Samuel Langhorne Clemens." He grew up in Hannibal, another Missouri town. Sam (Mark Twain) used places from his childhood as settings for his famous stories. At 17, Sam Clemens left Hannibal for St. Louis. He had a printer’s job there, but he also started working on river boats. By 1859, he was a licensed river pilot. The name by which Samuel Clemens became famous—Mark Twain—has everything to do with his work on the Mississippi River. It’s actually a river term which means “two fathoms” (or 12 feet). If the depth of the river was two fathoms—or, Mark Twain—it was safe to move a vessel, such as a steamboat, along the Mississippi River. In 1876, he published The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, a story about the adventures of a young boy and his friend, Huckleberry Finn in St. Petersburg, Missouri. In 1889 Twain published The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, which is considered by many to be a sequel of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer.

Mark Twain

J.K. Rowling is a British novelist best known as the author of the | Harry Potter fantasy series. The books have gained worldwide attention, won multiple awards, sold more than 400 million copies and been adapted into award-winning movies as well.

Her books have been translated into 65 languages.

J. K. Rowling was born July 31, 1965, in Yate, Gloucestershire,

England. J. K. Rowling wrote her first story when she was very young. It was about a rabbit called Rabbit who is visited by his friends when he gets sick with the measles. Rowling attended Exeter University where she graduated in 1987 with a degree in French and Classics. She also taught English in Portugal before ' returning with her daughter to Scotland. The idea for the Harry Potter books came to Rowling in 1990 when she was on a train ride to London. She began thinking about a boy wizard and all his adventures. When she reached her flat in London she began writing the story. She would end up in cafes and would write her manuscripts on pads of paper. Her first book was completed on an old typewriter. Rowling and her family still live in Scotland where she supports charities that help victims of multiple sclerosis and single-parent families.

J.K. Rowling

Born on January 19, 1809, in Boston, Massachusetts writer, poet critic, and editor Edgar Allan Poe tales of mystery and horror gave birth to the modern detective story. Many of his works including The Tell-Tale Heart and The Fall of the House of Usher, became literary classics. The Raven, which he published in 1845, is considered among the best-known poems in American literature. Edgar Allan Poe’s short stories and poems captured the imagination and interest of readers around the world. His imaginative storytelling led to literary innovations, earning him the nickname «Father of the Detective Story». Some aspects of his life, like his literature, is shrouded in mystery.

Edgar Poe

Clive S. Lewis, the writer of the Narnia stories, was born in Northern Ireland in 1898. He studied at Oxford University in England. He was a soldier in World War I (1914-1918). For most of his life, he worked as a professor, teaching university students at Oxford and Cambridge.

His most famous stories are for children, about the fantasy world of Narnia. Lewis wrote serious books for adults too, about literature and religion, and science fiction stories.

Many children enjoy reading The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. It is the most famous book by C.S. Lewis. There are 6 more books in The Chronicles of Narnia series. The Narnia books have been translated into more than 45 languages. You can enjoy' the adventures in films and on TV too.

Clive S. Lewis

DID YOU KNOW?

• Obsessed with cats, Edgar often wrote with a cat on his shoulder.

• For his poem The Raven Poe originally wanted to use a parrot instead of a raven, but he thought it didn't evoke the right tone.

• With very little formal schooling, Mark Twain spent evenings in libraries educating himself where school had left off.

• Twain loved baseball and understood it well, which was not well known until later in his life.

• Bermuda was always a favorite of Twain's getaways.

• J.K. Rowling and Harry Potter share the same birthday: July 31st.

• The original HARRY POTTER manuscript was rejected by 12 publishing houses before Bloomsbury picked it up.

• J.K. Rowling went from being unemployed to becoming a multimillionaire in five years.

• There was a big old wardrobe in Lewis' boyhood home in Belfast. He and his brother sat in it, telling stories.

• Lucy in the Narnia stories was named after Lucy Barfield, daughter of a friend of Lewis.

• C.S. Lewis liked mice and would never trap them. Reepicheep is a talking mouse in The Voyage of the Dawn Treader.

1. What do you read?

a) What books do you like reading? Who are the authors?

b) Look at the photos of famous American and British writers. What books by these authors have you read? Why?

c) Which of these books would you like to read? Discuss with your partner. Start like this.

A: I'd like to read the book by...

B: Do you want to read it in the original?

d) With your partner discuss authors' short bios (biographies). Start like this.

A: You know, I don’t know anything about Mark Twain.

B: Neither do I. May be it's because he lived long time ago?

A: Anyway, let’s see what we can find out about him...

2. Let's listen: Who?

Listen to the four bits of script and tell who wrote the book?

Example: Script I could be about... written by....

3. Writers and facts

Read the fact box and complete the sentences

1. Edgar Allan Poe was obsessed with …

2. E. A. Poe wanted to make his story more tense by calling it …

3. M. Twain received little formal …

4. M. Twain enjoyed going to.... to relax.

5. Harry Potter was born on …

6. It was … that accepted J. K. Rowling’s manuscript for publishing.

7. As a little boy, Lewis liked telling stories in a …

8. Lewis was a.... lover.

Let's talk: The best book

4. Let's talk: The best book!

Look at the table of genres below. For every genre, you can see a list of books.

Choose a book you would like to read and explain your choice.

The book is titled...

It's fantasy, historical novel, romance, mystery...

Genres Genre means "type".

What is this?

Books

Fictional story (FS)

includes settings, characters, and / or plot that have been made up in an author's imagination.

If I Stay, Cara's Kindness, Twilight, New Moon, Eclipse

Traditional literature (TL)

Stories that are passed down from one group to another in history. This includes folktales, legends, fables, fairy tales, tall tales, and myths from different cultures.

Cinderella, The Beast and the Beauty, Little Red Riding Hood.

Fantasy (F)

A story including elements that are impossible, such as talking animals or magical powers.

Harry Potter, The Chronicles of Narnia, When the Sea Turned to Silver.

Mystery (M)

A suspenseful story about a puzzling event that is not solved until the end of the story.

The Raven, die Golden Bug, Cloud and Wallfish.

Historical fiction №

A fictional story that takes place in a particular time period in the past. Often the setting is real, but the characters are made up from the author's imagination.

To Kill die Mocking Bird, Girl with a Pearl Earring, Litde Women, The Adventures of Huckelburry Finn.

Science fiction (SF)

A type of fantasy that uses science and technology (robots, time machines, etc)

The Time Machine, Star Treck, Star Wars.

Realistic fiction

m

A story using made-up characters but could happen in real life.

The Secret Hum of a Daisy, Fish in a Tree, Notes from the Dog, Small as an Elephant

Non-fiction

Texts are based on factual information and true accounts.

A Butterfly is Padent, The Noisy Paint Box.

Autobiography

(AB)

The story of a real person's life that is written by that person.

In Real life: The Journey to a Pixelated World, Taking Flight: From War Orphan to Star Ballerina.

Biography (B)

The story of a real person's life that is written by another person.

Who was Albert Einstein? Who was Amelia Earhart?

Informational (1)

Texts that provide facts about a variety of topics (sports, animals, science, history, career, geography, space, weather, etc)

The Titanic, The Seven Wonders of the World, 500 Amazing Facts.

Poetry (P)

is verse written to create a response of thought and feeling from the reader. It often uses rhythm and rhyme.

Heart to Heart, the Best Poems Ever, What Have You Lost?

Drama

is literature that is written in order to be performed.

The Importance of Being Earnest, Doctor Faustus, Romeo and Juliet






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