Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (5-й рік навчання) - Т. І. Бондар - Методика Паблішинг 2017 рік
Unit 4 Discover books and theater
Everyday English Four steps to create a story
1. Four steps to create a good story
Let's learn how we can create a plot outline for your novel in less than an hour that is emotionally compelling and dramatically sound? It's easier than you think.
1. The first element to include in your plot outline is the Story Goal, what your protagonist wants to achieve or the problem he/she wants to resolve. It is “what the story is all about." There are many ways we could involve other characters in this goal.
a) Listen to a dialogue and tell which plot sounds more appealing to you?
2. Once you have decided on a Story Goal, your next step is to ask yourself, “What disaster will happen if the goal is not achieved? What is my protagonist afraid will happen if he/she doesn't achieve the goal or solve the problem?" The combination of goal and consequence creates the main dramatic tension in your plot. It's a carrot and stick approach that makes the plot meaningful.
b) Listen to a dialogue and tell if you would be interested to read the story? Why? Why not?
3. Requirements is the third element of your plot outline. Requirements create a state of excited anticipation in the reader’s mind, as he looks forward to the protagonist’s success. You can think of this as a checklist of one or more events. As the Requirements are met in the course of the novel, the reader will feel the characters are getting closer to the attainment of the goal.
c) Listen to a dialogue and make a list of requirements.
4. With your Story Goal in mind, ask yourself what the outcome of your characters' pursuit of that goal will be. Will they, in particular your protagonist, achieve the Goal? Will they solve the Problem?
If the answer is no, then in classical terms, your novel will be a tragedy.
If the answer is yes, your plot will be what classical writers called a comedy, regardless whether or not it is humorous.
(“Comedy,” before the advent of movies, simply meant a drama that ended happily.)
You may already have a feeling about whether the story you are working on should end happily or unhappily. If you are uncertain, try asking yourself the following plot development questions. Do I want my reader to understand or learn from my characters' failures, or from their successes?
Let's listen: The theater bug
2. Let's Listen: "The Theatre Bug" by D. M. Larson
This play script is a scene about two teens who are starting to like each other during the auditions for a drama club. Biff is a male cheerleader who is in detention because he punched a football player for saying something terrible about him. Jasmine is a former cheerleader who decides to try drama. This scene is from a published play called the «Ghosts of Detention» by D. M. Larson which is set in the 1980's. If you want to stage this play in your school drama club, follow the link: reedramaplays.blogspot.com/2014/10/the-theatre-bug-scene-for-2-actors-1.html
BIFF: Hey, Jasmine. That was great.
JASMINE: Oh, hey, Biff. I didn’t know you were doing the play too.
BIFF: I didn't really have a choice.
JASMINE: Is that why you had to quit cheerleading?
BIFF: Yeah... plus I hit a football player.
JASMINE: Yeah... that was kind of funny. How many football players get knocked out by cheerleaders?
BIFF: I guess it is kind of funny. So you're not cheerleading anymore?
JASMINE: They cut me.
JASMINE: The new captain hates me.
BIFF: But you’re awesome... I mean... you’re so much better than her.
JASMINE: That’s the problem.
BIFF: I’ll talk to her if you want.
JASMINE: No, that's okay. I want to try drama now.
BIFF: That’s cool.
JASMINE: Yeah... and even better that there is a friend here too.
BIFF: Right on.
(They have a quiet, shy, awkward moment)
BIFF (CONT.) So you... uh... are still looking for your Prince Charming?
JASMINE: What? Oh! The monologue... yeah, I guess so. I picked the monologue because that’s how I feel sometimes. Where’s my Prince Charming? Where's my happy ending? You see all those movies and wonder why all our lives can’t be that way. I keep waiting for that movie moment where everything turns around for me... where something amazing happens... or someone amazing comes along and sweeps me off my feet.
BIFF: Yeah. You were great... with the monologue... I really believed you were some princess. Very cool.
JASMINE: Thanks... II practiced it a lot. I wanted to be good.
3. Tell me
You friend didn't watch the play. Answer his questions.
1. What do you think about this play?
2. Who are the main characters in the play?
3. Which character seems more interesting to you? Why?
4. Could you describe Biff’s and Jasmine’s character?
5. What's the play about?
Everyday English: Theater superstitions
4. Theater superstitions
Theater goers are superstitious, because of things that can (and do) go wrong in a performance. Here are some superstitions and their explanations. Listen and discuss.
1. It is bad luck to wear the color blue onstage, unless it was matched with something silver. In the early days of theater costuming, it was extremely difficult to make blue dye, and thus expensive to purchase.
2. Peacock feathers should never be brought on stage, either as a costume element, prop or part of a set as chaos will ensue. There are many stories of sets collapsing, curtains catching alight and other disastrous events during performances with peacock feathers.
3. It is bad luck to have mirrors on stage. The myth is that many believe that mirrors are a reflection of the soul and breaking one can mean seven years of bad luck.
4. To wish someone 'Good luck’ before a show is bad luck.
Generally, the expression “Break a Leg" replaces the phrase “Good luck”. The story is that if the audience demands numerable curtain calls and the actors are moving on and off stage via the wings they may ‘break the legs’, Tegs’ being a common name for side curtains.
5. Are you superstitious?
Listen to the text about more theater superstitions and fill in the table.
6. Some common superstitions
How common are these superstitions for your community?
If a friend gives you a knife, you should give him/her a coin. If a black cat crosses your path, you will have bad luck.
If you spill salt you must throw some over your left shoulder. If you have an itchy ear, someone is talking about you.
7. What do you think?
What is the difference between superstition and science? Discuss the following statements in groups. Use the discussion phrases to express your opinion.
These are some common superstitions. Many superstitions originated during a time when there were no scientific explanations for events that happened. People used to believe in witches, magic, dragons, and fairies. There are still people who continue to believe in superstitions and live their lives according to these beliefs.
8. For your folder
Write the 'theater' words in your notebook. Search the Internet for more superstitions. Present your stories in class.
Everyday English: About Broadway
9. Mediation and communication: About Broadway
You and your friend are reading some interesting facts about Broadway. Answer his / her questions.
The term refers to the lights along Broadway. Broadway theaters were among the first to wow crowds by using electric bulbs on signs. They completely lit up the night in “white” light. The nickname remains popular today because the millions of lights on theater marquees and billboard advertisements still light up the night sky along Broadway. It's located in New York City between 41st and 54th streets from 6th Avenue to 9th Avenue. This includes the area known as Time Square. There is a difference between a Broadway Theater and an Off-Broadway Theater.
It has to do with the audience seating capacity. A “Broadway Theater” must have a seating capacity of 500 seats or more, while an Off-Broadway theater has 100-499 seats. Off-Off-Broadway theaters have fewer than 100 seats. The longest running Broadway show is Phantom of the Opera written by Andrew Lloyd Webber. It is currently the longest running show in Broadway history. It opened on January 26, 1988 and is still going strong! Cats is the second longest show, having run from Oct. 1982 to Sept. 2000. It was also written by Andrew Lloyd Webber! Broadway shows are one of the most popular tourist attractions in New York City. For the 2012 - 2013 season, Broadway shows grossed over $1.1 billion in ticket sales with over 12 million tickets sold.
Many people believe the theatrical productions on Broadway are the best in the world. Each year, the best Broadway shows are awarded Tony Awards. Check out Tony Awards Fun Facts.
1. Why is Broadway called “The Great White Way”?
2. Where is “Broadway” exactly?
3. What is the difference between a Broadway Theater and an Off-Broadway Theater?
4. What is the longest running Broadway show?
5. How much money do Broadway shows make?
10. For your folder: A book to be written
Outline a plot for your school drama club. You can choose from these ideas or think of your own.
You have a mysterious friend who tries to make your life easier.
Your neighbor is an elderly, lonely person who made a lot of mistakes in the life and doesn't want the protagonist to make the same mistake he/she did.
Anita is a happy young person who likes caring about animals.