Підручник Англійська мова 9 клас (5-й рік навчання) - Т. І. Бондар - Методика Паблішинг 2017 рік
Unit 5 The world speaks English
Population: 33 million (36th in the world)
Area: 9.9 million square kilometers (2rd) Independent from Britain since: Legal independence in 1982.
Canada with its forests, tundra, the Rocky Mountains, and big cities with skyscrapers has a strong European feeling too: Canada has a large-French speaking population. Besides, the British monarchy portrait on Canadian money is just another reminder that Canada and the UK still share the same head of state. For tourists it is often surprising how some places in British Columbia and Quebec can look, sound and feel almost more British than Britain or more French than France.
Population: 21 million (53rd in the world)
Area: 7.7 square kilometers (6th) Independent from Britain since: 1901 (British monarch still head of state) Australia or 'down under' has been a continent for 50 million years, completely separated from the rest of the world, so it's no wonder that Australia's animal world has become unique. Lots of visitors to Australia love the endlessness of the dry outback, where you can drive for days without seeing another car. There are many deserts and rainforests, but they aren't the best places for settlement. That's why most people live on or near the coasts and that's where the big cities have grown. Australia is the perfect place with its warm climate and beautiful coasts.
1. Let's talk: What do you think about these countries?
a) What interesting or exciting things did you like about these countries? Use the 'Useful phrases' box to describe your feelings.
Example: I find Canada because you can ....there.
b) Work with your partner. What country would your friend like to visit first? Last? Why?
completely out of this world
too brilliant for words
D. THE USA
Population: 324.227 billion
(3rd in the world)
Area: 22.294 square kilometers (4th) Independent from Britain since: 1776 The current 50-star American flag was designed by a 17-year-old as a school project in 1958. According to the World Giving Index, Americans are the most likely people in the world to help a stranger. The day Congress voted the country free from British rule is July 2,1776. July 4 is just when John Hancock put the first signature on the Declaration of Independence to spread the word. The United States has dozens of major cities, including 31 'global cities': New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago, Washington DC, Boston, San Francisco, Miami, and Atlanta. The Mississippi and Missouri Rivers combine to form the longest river system in the US and the fourth longest in the world. The tallest mountain in the US is Mt McKinley, located in the state of Alaska. It reaches 20,320 ft (6,194 m) above sea level. Hawaii is the most recent of the 50 states in the US (joining in 1959) and is the only one made up entirely of islands.
Population: 11 billion
(2rd in the world after China)
Area: 3.1 square kilometers (7th) Independent from Britain since: 1947.
India is rich in culture and tradition. English is not the mother tongue for most Indians - there are over 20 other languages, as well as many dialects of the main language Hindi. But English is used a lot in government and business. India has become a huge success story in the IT industry. Although India is a poor country, many people who love its culture never actually go to see the poverty in the streets and the country. They travel to enjoy what they like most - food, music, and films. Bollywood films with their love stories have millions of fans everywhere in the world.
2. Let's listen: What country are they talking about?
Look at the photos and listen. What counties are students talking about? Example: I think Jake (Ram, Cindy, Victoria) is talking about....
DID YOU KNOW?
• English is the language of many lands (it's the official language of 67 countries)
• English originates from Old English, which is its earliest historical form from the 5th century. There was no punctuation until the 15th century.
• The oldest Old English word still used today that has the same direct meaning is 'town'. Town has kept the same meaning as its original Old English word "tun" meaning area of dwelling.
• The most widely used English word is 'the'.
• The legendary playwright was responsible for many of the things we say and write today. These include the words 'fashionable', 'advertising' and 'laughable', and the phrase 'fight fire with fire', which means to respond to attack with a similar form of attack.
• A new word is added to the dictionary every two hours.
• 'Go.' is the shortest grammatically correct sentence in English
3. Let's talk: Facts
a) Read the fact file about English and complete the grid.
The most widely used word
The oldest word
The shortest word
Modern words from Shakespearean time
Any new words to add in the dictionary now?
b) Speak with your partner and ask his/her understanding of the fact file.
Example: A: What words from Shakespearean time do you know?
B: As a matter of fact, my favorite word from that time is...
4. Team activity: Impressions of the countries
a) In groups of four; choose one statement you like the most
1. “When you come to live in the USA, you feel at home right away.”
2. “Why leave Canada? Where else would" you want to be?”
3. "Indians are the Italians of Asia and vice versa. Every man is a singer when he is happy, and every woman is a dancer when she walks to the shop at the comer. For them, food is the music inside the body and music is the food inside the heart.”
4. "The people are immensely likable— cheerful, extrovert, quick-witted, and obliging. Their cities are safe and clean and nearly always built on water. The food is excellent. The sun nearly always shines. There is coffee on every corner. Life doesn’t get much better than this.”
b) Each member of the group takes one of the statements and forms a new group with other students who have the same one. In your new group, discuss the statement:
What does it tell you about the country, the people there, or the speaker?
5. For my folder
Find out more interesting and funny facts about English. Make an e-poster and present it to the class.